The Major Volcanic Eruptions


The first graph after the CBS video clip covering the Mont St Helens eruption (Sate of Washinton USA) shows the volcanic eruption index and the table after that summarizes the so far known major volcanic eruptions on earth.

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VEI

VEI↓

Volcano (eruption)↓

Year↓

0

Hoodoo Mountain

7050 BC?

0

Mauna Loa

1984

0

Lake Nyos

1986

0

Piton de la Fournaise

2004

1

Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field

1500?

1

Kilauea

1983 - present

1

Nyiragongo

2002

2

Mount Hood

1865-1866

2

Kilauea

1924

2

Tristan da Cunha

1961

2

Mount Usu

2000-2001

2

Whakaari/White Island

2001

3

Mount Garibaldi

9,300 BP

3

Nazko Cone

7,200 BP

3

Mount Edziza

950 AD ± 1000 years

3

Mount Vesuvius

1913-1944

3

Surtsey

1963-1967

3

Eldfell

1973

3

Nevado del Ruiz

1985

3

Mount Etna

2002-2003

4

Mount Pelée

1902

4

Parícutin

1943-1952

4

Hekla

1947

4

Galunggung

1982

4

Mount Spurr

1992

4

Mount Okmok

2008

4

Eyjafjallajökull

2010

5

Laacher See

12,900 BP?

5

Hekla (Hekla 3 eruption)

1021 + 130/-100 BC

5

Mount Meager

≈400 BC (2350 BP)

5

Mount Vesuvius (Pompeian eruption)

79

5

Mount Edgecumbe/Pūtauaki

c. 300

5

Mount Tarumae

1739

5

Mount Mayon

1814

5

Mount Tarawera

1886

5

Katla

1918

5

Mount Agung

1963

5

Mount St. Helens

1980

5

El Chichón

1982

5

Mount Hudson

1991

5

Chaiten

2008

6

Morne Diablotins

30,000 BP

6

Nevado de Toluca

10,500 BP

6

Mount Okmok

8300 BP

6

Mount Etna

8000 BP?

6

Mount Veniaminof

1750 BC

6

Mount Vesuvius (Avellino eruption)

1660 BC ± 43 years

6

Grímsvötn

8230 BC ± 50 years

6

Mount Aniakchak

≈1645 BC

6

Mount Okmok

c. 400 BC

6

Ambrym

c. AD 100

6

Ilopango

450 ± 30 years

6

Mount Churchill (White River Ash)

≈750 (1200 BP)

6

Katla (Eldgjá)

934

6

Baekdu Mountain (Tianchi eruption)

969 ± 20 years

6

Kuwae

1452 or 1453

6

Bárðarbunga

1477

6

Huaynaputina

1600

6

Laki

1783

6

Krakatoa

1883

6

Santa María

1902

6

Novarupta

1912

6

Mount Pinatubo

1991

7

Bennett Lake Volcanic Complex

50 Ma

7

Valles (Lower Bandelier eruption)

1.47 Ma

7

Yellowstone (Mesa Falls eruption)

1.3 Ma

7

Valles (Upper Bandelier eruption)

1.15 Ma

7

Long Valley Caldera (Bishop eruption)

759,000 BP

7

Maninjau

280,000 BP

7

Atitlán (Los Chocoyos eruption)

84,000 BP

7

Kurile (Golygin eruption)

41,500 BP

7

Campi Flegrei

37,000 BP

7

Aira Caldera

22,000 BP

7

Kurile (Ilinsky eruption)

≈6400 BC

7

Crater Lake, Oregon (Mount Mazama eruption)

≈5700 BC

7

Kikai (Akahoya eruption)

≈5300 BC

7

Thera (Minoan eruption)

1620s BC

7

Taupo (Hatepe eruption)

186

7

Mount Tambora (1816 a year without a summer)

1815

8

Scafells

Ordovician

8

Glen Coe

420 Ma

8

La Garita Caldera

27 Ma

8

Yellowstone (Huckleberry Ridge eruption)

2.2 Ma

8

Galán

2.2 Ma

8

Yellowstone (Lava Creek eruption)

640,000 BP

8

Whakamaru (Whakamaru Ignimbrite/Mount Curl Tephra)

254,000 BP

8

Toba

69,000-77,000 BP

8

Taupo (Oruanui eruption)

26,500 BP

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