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1900: (April 26) Marconi received the first patent for a tunable radio transmitter and receiver system.
1900: About 25,000 Jews and 650,000 Palestinians lived in Palestine.
1900: Boxer uprising, Chinese nationalist uprising against foreigners, the representatives of alien powers, and Chinese members of the sects of Christendom. Expulsion of all foreigners from China was the ultimate objective of the uprising. In 1899 a secret society of Chinese called the Yihequan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fist"), known by westerners as the Boxers, began a campaign of terror against Christendom missionaries in the northeastern provinces. Although the Boxers were officially denounced, they were secretly supported by many of the royal court, including Dowager Empress Cixi (Tz'u-hsi). Economic and political exploitation of China by various Western powers and Japan and humiliating military defeats inflicted by Great Britain in the Opium Wars (1839-1842 & 1856-1860) and by Japan in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) were the main cause for Chinese resentment, compounded by general economic problems.
1901: (December 12) Guglielmo Marconi and George Kemp receive the first trans-atlantic radio signals - from England to Newfoundland. 
1901: The Pentecostal Church, formed in Topeka, Kansas U.S.A. in reaction to loss of evangelical fervor among Methodist and other denominations.
1901: (Republic of the USA) Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States, and was very instrumental in the involvement of the construction of the Panama Canal by the United States and American Imperialism. In1895, Theodore Roosevelt was named president of the New York police board, his vigorous reformist efforts, and his tendency to get himself into the headlines gained him a national reputation and recognition, which led to his being appointed assistant navy secretary by President William McKinley (1897). When war with Spain broke out in 1898, Roosevelt resigned to lead the "Rough Riders," a volunteer cavalry unit whose celebrated charge up Kettle Hill in the battle outside Santiago, Cuba, made him a national hero; this helped take him to the governorship of New York (1889-1901) and then to the 1900 Republican ticket as McKinley's vice-president. Roosevelt succeeded to the presidency when McKinley was assassinated in 1901. Roosevelt proved himself a powerful and effective leader in a time of national expan
1901-1909: Republic of the USA) American Imperialism expands. During the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, (26th President of the United States of America) the construction of the Panama Canal across the Ithmus of Panama is completed through political and military maneuverings.
1901-1910: (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha) British Monarchy, Edward VII (1901-1910) was brought up strictly under a very rigorous educational regime by his parents, who had unrealistic expectations of his abilities. During his mother's reign, he undertook public duties (including working on Royal Commissions in the field of social issues), but he was excluded by his mother from acting as her deputy until 1898. Edward was 59 when he became king, having been heir apparent for longer than anyone in British history. Edward was related to nearly every Continental (European) sovereign and came to be known as the 'Uncle of Europe'. Edward played a role in encouraging military and naval reforms, pressing for the reform of the Army Medical Service and the modernization of the Home Fleet. In the last year of his life he was involved in the constitutional crisis brought about by the refusal of the Conservative majority in the Lords to pass the Liberal budget of 1909. The King died before the situation could be resolved.

1901-Present: OIL in the Middle-East: In 1901 William Knox D'Arcy, a millionaire London socialite, negotiated an oil concession with the Shah Mozzafar al-Din Shah Qajar of Persia. He assumed exclusive rights to prospect for oil for 60 years in a vast tract of territory including most of Iran. In exchange the Shah received £20,000, an equal amount in shares of D'Arcy's company, and a promise of 16% of future profits.

D'Arcy hired geologist George Bernard Reynolds to do the prospecting in the Iranian desert. Conditions were extremely harsh: "small pox raged, bandits and warlords ruled, water was all but unavailable, and temperatures often soared past 50°C".After several years of prospecting, D'Arcy's fortune dwindled away and he was forced to sell most of his rights to a Glasgow-based syndicate, the Burmah Oil Company."

By 1908 having sunk more than £500,000 into their Persian venture and found no oil, D'Arcy and Burmah decided to abandon exploration in Iran. In early May 1908 they sent Reynolds a telegram telling him that they had run out of money and ordering him to "cease work, dismiss the staff, dismantle anything worth the cost of transporting to the coast for re-shipment, and come home." Reynolds delayed following these orders and in a stroke of luck, struck oil shortly after on May 26, 1908.

Burmah Oil Company Ltd. created the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) as a subsidiary and also sold shares to the public

1903: Greenleaf Whittier Pickard invented the semi-conductor diode.
1903-1914: Pope Pius X, rules the Catholic church in Rome.
1905: Lee de Forest invented the first three-electrode vacuum tube, which he called the "Audion". This device made the first really practical electronic amplifiers possible
1905-1911: Iran's Monarch Mozaffar din Shah was forced to accept a constitution and a parliament. it's struggle towards democracy started.  This was the first such political movement in the Middle-East.
1906: The first international regulations governing radio communications were adopted. 
1908: Meteorite hits Tsunguska in Northern Siberia with an impact force of 20,000,000 t of TNT
1909: First regularly scheduled radio broadcast (in Morse Code).
1909-1913: (Republic of the USA) William H. Taft, 27th president of the United States and 10th chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1921-1930). Taft was the only person in U.S. history to hold those two offices. He succeeded President Theodore Roosevelt who expected Taft to continue his crusade for reform. Instead Taft was more conservative, and the domestic reforms of the early 20th century slowed. Taft also replaced Roosevelt's aggressive foreign policy with one that was more conservative. Taft's conservatism irritated Roosevelt, split the Republican Party, and ensured a Democratic victory for Woodrow Wilson in the presidential election of 1912.
1910-1936:(The Windsors) British Monarchy, George V (1910-1936) George V's reign began amid the continuing constitutional crisis over the House of Lords, which refused to pass a Parliament Bill limiting its powers (which would remove the power to veto a Bill from the Commons). After the Liberal government obtained the King's promise to create sufficient peers to overcome Conservative opposition in the Lords (and won a second election in 1910), the Parliament Bill was passed by the Lords in 1911 without a mass creation of peers. George readily accepted the first Labor government in 1924. Following the world slump of 1929, the King persuaded Labor leader to head a National Government composed of all parties, which won election in 1931. The Statute of Westminster of 1931 meant Dominion Parliaments could now pass laws without reference to United Kingdom laws, and abolish various reserve powers still possessed by the Crown and Parliament. This paradoxically increased the monarchy's importance.
1911: Republic of China (in mainland China), Taiwan 1949 -
1912: (May 7) The Radio Act of 1912 established the first regulations governing amateur radio communications. Though intended to destroy or curtail amateur involvement in radio, this was the driving force behind some of the greatest improvements in electronic technology.

1913: JEWISH BANKING: The privately owned Federal Reserve Bank (FED) was not born in a vacuum. Its roots go back to the Bank of England, founded in 1694. The same model was used to create the ECB, the Central Bank for the European Union. Altogether 10 private mainly European banks were behind the plans to create he FED. The lobbying of the US Congress lasted for almost 100 years until a deal was reached. This lobbying started immediately after the Napoleonic wars. During one day after the battle in Waterloo the Jewish Baron Rothschild gained control over all critical sectors in the British Industry including the Bank of England. He had been trusted to hide the wealth of several Sovereigns from Napolean and even when Napoleon offered him 25% of all this wealth he had refused to reveal the hiding places. At the end Napoleon lost in Waterloo after everything was initially pointing to his win. Baron Rothschild was betting for Wellington and used rumours sand traders skillfully to create a panick as everything he was doing incinuated that Napoleon was reallly winning. When markets then panicked and outright crashed he had "an army" of secret buyers buying everything out there. When the real results of the battle in Waterloo reached London it was too late for the British aristocarcy that thad totally panicked to recover.

The young USA had already by that time seen several systemic failures in her monetary system and would see some more during the next hundred years. A new lobbying group, likely managed by Baron Rothschild, that consisted of a groul of European bankers started working to convince the young US Government that thay as major bankers had the skills to manage the US monetary system. In 1913 FED was fomalized in an agreement as a private and fully independent central bank of the USA, It had a mandate to manage the US monetary system to maintain high employment and to benefit the interest of the young and evolving USA that, as these bankers already knew, was destined to become the next empire of the world..

For this service the Gongress agreed a reward of a fixed annual 6% tax free interest to the share capital of the bank and that all of it's expenses would be paid from the Government Treasury. They could also keep the additional interest they earned during the yaer as a variable reward until early 1960's when Congress realized what it had promised and cancelled this specific right.

FED's initial and current owners were the following banking empires, that all were required to establish US presence as banks and fill the strongly opposed formality that most were foreign banks, here is the list: 1) Rothschild Bank of London, 2) Rothschild Bank of Berlin, 3) Lazard Brothers of Paris, 4) Israel Moses Seif Banks of Italy, 5) Warburg Bank of Amsterdam, 6) Warburg Bank of Hamburg, 7) Lehman Brothers of New York, Bankrupt in 2008, 8) Kuhn Loeb Bank of New York, 9) Goldman Sachs of New York, and 10) Chase Manhattan Bank of New York.

Assume that these banks let their 6% interest compound and used only the additional reward part of interest for their own purposes then today ( 2010) their initial investment has grown to 284 fold.

1913-1921: (Republic of the USA) (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States, he enacted significant reform legislation and led the United States during World War I (1914-1918). His dream of humanizing "every process of our common life" was shattered in his lifetime by the arrival of war, but the programs that he so earnestly advocated inspired the next generation of political leaders and were reflected in the "New Deal" of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Wilson's belief in international cooperation through an association of nations led to the creation of the League of Nations and ultimately the United Nations, (the "eighth king" of the Bible prophecy at Revelation 17:11-14 where it reads: And the wild beast that was but is not, it is also itself an eighth [king], but springs from the seven, and it goes off into destruction. "And the ten horns that you saw mean ten kings, who have not yet received a kingdom, but they do receive authority as kings).
1914: American scientist Robert Goddard began experimenting with rockets.
1914: Ottoman Empire, due to strong ties with Germany the Ottomans fought on Germany's side during World War I. Russia hoped to use the war as an excuse to gain access to the Mediterranean Sea and perhaps capture Constantinople. This aim was frustrated by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, forcing Russia to withdraw from the war. The Ottoman defeat in World War I inspired an already fervent Turkish nationalism. The postwar settlement outraged the nationalist. A new government under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, (known as Ataturk), emerged at Ankara. The last sultan, Mohammed VI, fled in 1922 after the sultanate had been abolished. All members of the Ottoman Dynasty were expelled from the country two years later. Turkey was declared a republic, with Ataturk as its first president.
1914: Egypt, because it was a possession of Turkey and because Turkey sided with Germany during World War I, the Khediv Abbas Pasha was deposed on December 18th that year, and Egypt was declared a British protectorate, particularly with a view to protect the Suez Canal.
The "Last Days" (Read) Matthew 24:3-48 ~ "While he was sitting upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples approached him privately, saying: "Tell us, When will these things be, and what will be the sign of your presence and of the conclusion of the system of things? ..." End of the "Gentile Times" or "The Appointed Times of the Nations." Jehovah's heavenly Kingdom is established. [KING OF THE NORTH is now Germany, the KING OF THE SOUTH is the alliance between Great Britain and the United States of America, see Daniel 11:27-29], Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Countess Sophie Chotek, duchess of Hohenberg were assassinated on June 28th in Sarajevo, Bosnia, (now in Bosnia and Herzegovina), by a Serb nationalist. This action precipitated World War I. Matthew 24:7-8 ~ "For nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be food shortages and earthquakes in one place after another. All these things are a beginning of pangs of distress.

1914-1919: WW I - The German Empire entered World War One in 1914 on the side of Austro-Hungary. In June 1919 they were forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, ceding West Prussia to Poland and Alsace-Lorraine to France. In addition, Germany was forced to pay for all damages suffered by every Allied state during the war, 100 million kilograms of gold.

The Allied forces knew that Germany would not be able to pay this debt. The real goal was to repeat what happened a century earlier in Britain when Wellington defeated Napoleon and Rothschilds gained control over the British economy and established the Bank of England and with that controlled the money supply and interest rates in all Britain (After WW II Churchil nationalized Bank of England).

With hard currency flowing out of the country en masse to pay the reparations, post-war Germany’s Weimar Republic saw massive hyperinflation and a huge drop in standard of living. This was enforced to then xtreme by the highly successful boycotts of all German made products in the USA that were organized by Jews and Zionists groups living in the USA.

Resentment of the Treaty of Versailles and the economic strife the reparations brought led to growing nationalism and eventually World War Two. The Germans were not British and the new leader that surfaced from the chaos had a name Adolf Hitler. There is a very good reason why the Jews were sacrificed in Germany. With influence of Rothschilds the Zionists were in position to dictate the Treaty of Versailles.

1914-1922: Pope Benedict XV, rules the Catholic church in Rome
1914: (Republic of the USA) United States of America becomes the Ally of Great Britain in World War I. [Effectively rescuing the SEVENTH WORLD POWER after Great Britain received the "sword stroke" that could have been fatal, the United States came to the rescue.  Britain and the United States of America become a dual world power, or KINGS OF THE SOUTH.
1917: (Republic of the USA) On April 2nd, 1917, Thomas Woodrow Wilson stood before a joint session of Congress. "We must put excited feeling away," said the president, and then launched into one of the greatest mob-inciting harangues ever delivered. Wilson was urging Congress to declare war against Germany. The Huns, he said, were governed by a "selfish and autocratic power." What they had done to justify trying to kill them was a matter of great dispute. Robert "Fighting Bob" La Follette, senator from Wisconsin, thought they hadn't done much of anything. They were accused of bayoneting babies and cutting off the arms of boys in Belgium. But when a group of American journalists went on a fact-finding mission to get to the truth of the matter, they could find no evidence of it. Clarence Darrow, the lawyer who made a monkey out of William Jennings Bryan in the Scopes Trial, said he would offer a $1,000 reward to anyone who came forward whose arm had been cut off by the Germans. A thousand dollars was a lot of money back then, still, no one claimed the money. The Germans had also sunk a few ships. But there was a war going on in Europe and Germany had tried to impose a blockade of English ports with the only weapon it had, submarines. You took a risk trying to sail into England, especially if your ship was carrying ammunition, and everyone knew it. The English were blockading German ports too. The difference was that the English had a bigger navy and were better at it. Try to run their blockade and you were almost certain to die; so few ships dared.  It was a long and complicated story. In retrospect, the United States was better off minding its own business. Robert La Follette knew it. He told anyone who would listen that the struggle in Europe was best understood as a political and commercial rivalry. The Germans were challenging the English everywhere. The German economy was growing faster. While Britain seemed to be peaking out, the Germans were building new factories and developing new markets. In Africa, German colonialists were menacing English territories; in Europe, German manufacturers were taking market share from their English competitors. On the high sees, the German navy was growing more competent. And so, the English and the Germans were having it out. Leave them to it, said "Fighting Bob."  But Woodrow Wilson had his own ideas. "Civilization itself" seemed in the balance, he told the politicians. "We shall fight for the things we have always carried in our hearts - for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations, [he did not mention, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Nicaragua - countries to which he had already sent troops to meddle in internal political issues], for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free."  When he finished his speech, most of the yahoos rose to their feet and cheered. Tears streamed down many jowly faces. At last, the United States was going to war! Two million people had already died in the war. For what reason, no one quite knew. Wilson had to resort to bombast and balderdash to try to explain it. But now the happy moment had come. Now, Americans would get to die too. Hallelujah!  April 6th United States president Wilson declared a state of war existed with Germany and officially enters with its partner, Britain, in the dual world power alliance of the KINGS OF THE SOUTH fighting against the KINGS OF THE NORTH.
1917: Russia, Yakov Sverdlov is appointed President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Russia, Leo Kamenev is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union.
1917: The Russian clergy hold a General Council of Moscow [Sept.- Oct.] and restore Russian patriarchate abolished by Tzar Peter the Great. Russian revolution, Bolshaviki disestablish the Russian Church as the State Church.

1917: The Balfour Declaration was a letter dated November 2, 1917, from the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, to Lord Rothschild (Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild), a leader of the British Jewish Community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation, a private Zionist political organization established earlier by Theodore Herzl The letter stated the position, agreed at aBritish Cabinet meeting on October 31, 1917, that the British government supported Zionist plans for a Jewish "national home" in Palestine, with the condition that nothing should be done which might prejudice the rights of existing communities there. It is also interesting to note that later Joseph Stalin set up the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in Asiatic Russia, which still exists today.  The full text is as follows:

Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917

Dear Lord Rothschild,

I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.

"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."

I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.

Yours sincerely, Arthur James Balfour

At the beginning of the 20th century about 25,000 Jews and 650,000 Palestinians lived in Palestine.  The plan to re-occupy the Palestinian lands was documented already in 1882 by Jews in Europe in formal letters with instructions how to deal with the Palestinians there both at the beginnening and "later". The current Istraeli government follows the policy of the "later".

The Rothschilds operate out of an area in the heart of London, England, the financial district, which is known as 'The City,' or the 'Square Mile.' All major British banks have their main offices here, along with branch offices for 385 foreign banks, including 70 from the United States. It is here that you will find the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange, Lloyd's of London, the Baltic Exchange (shipping contracts), Fleet Street (home of publishing and newspaper interests), the London Commodity Exchange (to trade coffee, rubber, sugar and wool), and the London Metal Exchange. It is virtually the financial hub of the world.
Positioned on the north bank of the Thames River, covering an area of 677 acres or one square mile (known as the "wealthiest square mile on earth"), it has enjoyed special rights and privileges that enabled them to achieve a certain level of independence since 1191. In 1215, its citizens received a Charter from King John, granting them the right to annually elect a mayor (known as the Lord Mayor), a tradition that continues today.
Both E. C. Knuth, in his book Empire of the City, and Des Griffin, in his book Descent into Slavery, stated their belief that 'The City' is actually a sovereign state (much like the Vatican), and that since the pestablishment of the privately owned Bank of England in 1694, 'The City' has actually become the last word in the country's national affairs, with Prime Minister, Cabinet, and Parliament becoming only a front for the real power. According to Knuth, when the queen enters 'The City,' she is subservient to the Lord Mayor (under him, is a committee of 12-14 men, known as 'The Crown'), because this privately-owned corporation is not subject to the Queen, or the Parliament.
There seems to be little doubt that the Rothschilds continue to influence the world economy, and it is known that they are squarely behind the movement to unite all the western European nations into a single political entity, which is just another step towards one-world government.

1917: December 6th, Finland declares Herself independent from Russia.
1918: The very first Boeing plane ever built was called Bluebill, and its creator, William Boeing shipped it to New Zealand along with its sister plane (Mallard) in 1918 - making it the very first sale of the Boeing company. Upon their arrival they were put to use in commercial flights delivering mail and carrying passengers.
1918-1963: Jean Cocteau, Grand Master of Prieure de Sion
1919: (August) The first vacuum tubes available for purchase by the common man were advertised in a publication called "Radio Amateur News", at $7.00 each.
1919: (Fall) The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was granted a charter. This brought a number of different patents under the control of a single company and led to significant advances in the field of radio science. 
1919: Robert Goddard's paper, "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes", was published. The work was ridiculed in public by the "New York Times" on January 12,1920. 
1919-1946: Russia, Mikhail Kalinin is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Vladimir Lenin dies in 1924, Josef Stalin is General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1922-1953
1920: LEAGUE OF NATIONS begins sessions, for some it is the EIGHTH WORLD POWER in Bible prophesies.
1921-1922: India, 1921 was the year of the rise of Indian Nationalism against the British Empire and Gandhi became a Mahatma, the most loved and revered figure in the country.  Masses looked to him as a saint, as an incarnation of God who had come to free them from slavery and poverty.  The Government started repression.  Arrests were made.  Firing took place at some places.  The country boycotted the visit of Prince of Wales, the British Prince in November 1921.  Disturbances broke out at Bombay and Gandhi had to fast to control the situation.  By the end of 1921, the number of prisoners had risen to 30,000.  Processions and meetings were being broken up.  The masses were getting impatient.  Call was given for Civil Disobedience.  Gandhi wanted to start the campaign step-by-step.  He chose Bardoli in Gujarat for starting the campaign.  Notice was given to Government on the 1st February 1922.  However, the movement had to be called off within a few days.  On the 5th February, a mob including Congressmen set fire to a police station at Chauri Chaura in U.P., killing about 22 policemen.  Gandhi was shocked.  He realised that people had not fully accepted non-violence.  He persuaded the Congress to suspend the agitation.  Gandhi was arrested in March and was sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment.  He was kept in the Yeravda jail near Pune and released early in 1924 on grounds of poor health.  In October the same year he fasted 21 days to stop the increasing violence in the country.
1921-1923: (Republic of the USA) Warren G. Harding, 29th president of the United States. Harding was an easy-going politician who believed the Republican Party could bring the United States back to "normalcy" a word that he invented.  By normalcy he meant a return to the economic and political isolation that was characterized by the United States before it entered World War I in 1917. Harding never showed the leadership or vision required to be an effective president, and his administration is mainly remembered for is corruption, which was revealed after Harding's death
1921-1934: Inflation in Germany averaged 1.5 million percent from January 1921 to November 1923. During that period of so called Weimar Republic, US$ 1 was exchange went from 64 Marks to 4.2 Trillion Marks.  This inflationary environment was initiated by the winning powers of World War I including the United States and Britain - the writers of the Treaty of Versailles.  The winners recognized the grave error they had made in further punishing Germany with a US$ 33 Billion war bill confirmed in 1921 equaling to US$ 1.8 Trillion at 5% interest today.  Unfortunately, this realization came already too late - the new epoch in history had started.  In any case, the consequences created a well documented living example of the most powerful wealth destroying process ever devised, attack against the money itself to cause astronomical rise in the interest rate.  At the end of this period German people lost their life savings in a matter of days.  The price was too high to pay and light years above the tolerance level that any nation can take.  The Germans took the first option for revenge, they gave their country to Hitler and his Nazi movement, the beginning of the World War II was sealed.
1922: RCA began selling commercial AM radio receivers for home us
1922-1945: Italy; Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, KSMOM GCTE (29 July 1883 - 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism. He became the Prime Minister of Italy in 1922 and began using the title Il Duce by 1925. After 1936, his official title was "His Excellency Benito Mussolini, Head of Government, Duce of Fascism, and Founder of the Empire".[1] Mussolini also created and held the supreme military rank of First Marshal of the Empire along with King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, which gave him and the King joint supreme control over the military of Italy. Mussolini remained in power until he was replaced in 1943; for a short period after this until his death he was the leader of the Italian Social Republic.

Mussolini was among the founders of Italian Fascism, which included elements of nationalism, corporatism, national syndicalism, expansionism, social progress and anti-communism in combination with censorship of subversives and state propaganda. In the years following his creation of the fascist ideology, Mussolini influenced, or achieved admiration from, a wide variety of political figures.[2]

Among the domestic achievements of Mussolini from the years 1924–1939 were: his public works programmes such as the taming of the Pontine Marshes, the improvement of job opportunities, and public transport. Mussolini also solved the Roman Question by concluding the Lateran Treaty between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See. He is also credited with securing economic success in Italy's colonies and commercial dependencies.[3]

Although he initially favoured siding with France against Germany in the early 1930s, Mussolini became one of the main figures of the Axis powers and, on 10 June 1940, Mussolini led Italy into World War II on the side of Axis. Three years later, Mussolini was deposed at the Grand Council of Fascism, prompted by the Allied invasion. Soon after his incarceration began, Mussolini was rescued from prison in the daring Gran Sasso raid by German special forces.

Following his rescue, Mussolini headed the Italian Social Republic in parts of Italy that were not occupied by Allied forces. In late April 1945, with total defeat looming, Mussolini attempted to escape to Switzerland, only to be captured and summarily executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was taken to Milan where it was hung upside down at a petrol station for public viewing and to provide confirmation of his demise.

1922: (December) The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) was formed in England.
1922-1939: Pope Pius XI, rules the Catholic church in Rome.

1923: "Mein Kampf" - The book, which Hitler wrote in prison after the failed power takeover in 1923, has been banned in Germany ever since the end of the Second World War.Bavaria’s rights to the book are due to expire in 2015 and the country’s courts are to determine whether laws prohibiting the distribution of Nazi propaganda will still concern the book.

1923: (November 7) First amateur radio two way contact across the Atlantic Ocean.
1923-1929: (Republic of the USA) Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States. Coolidge served as president throughout most of the prosperous 1920's. His homespun personality captivated the nation, and to this day remains a symbol of his era. Coolidge's economic philosophy was direct: success came to those who, like himself, worked hard and were honest. Provincial in background and outlook, he had little understanding of the farm and labor problems that would soon confront the nation. Coolidge was opposed to government intervention or relief for workers, and he was equally against any measures that would interfere with business. "The chief business of America is business." Expressed his contempt of the nation's destiny. Although his impact on the country was slight, this was in part because he was pleased with things as they were and he wanted no changes.
1924: (August) Mainly because they had made great advances in the field of radio communications, amateur radio operators were allocated a larger portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
1924-1956: Joseph Stalin
was the General Secretaryof the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committe from 1922 until his death in 1953. He became de'facto the Dictator of Russia and it's communist party. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.

Stalin launched a command economy replacing the New Economic Policy of the the 1920s with Five-Year Plans and launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic colectivization. The upheaval in the agricultural sector disrupted food production, resulting in widespread famine, such as the catastrophic e.g. 1932-1933, known in Ukraine as the Holodomor.

During the late 1930s, Stalin launched the Graeat Purge(also known as the "Great Terror"), a campaign to purge the Communist Party of people accused of corruption, terrorism, or treachery; he extended it to the military and other sectors of Soviet society. Targets were often executed, imprisoned in Gulag labor camps or exiled. In the years following, millions of ethnic minorities were also deported.

In 1939, the Soviet Union under Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, followed by a Soviet Invasion top Poland Finland (attack failed), the Baltics,Bessarabia and northern Bukovina. After Germany violated the pact in 1941, the Soviet Union joined the Allies to, mplay a large role in the Axix defeat, at the cost of the largest death toll for any country in the war. Thereafter, contradicting statements at allied confrences, Stalin installed communist governments in most of Eastern Europe, forming the Eastern Block, behind what was referred to as an "Iron Curtain" of Soviet rule. This launched the long period of antagonism known as the Cold War.

Stalin made efforts to augment his public image, and a cult of personality developed around him. However, after his death his successor, Nikita Khrushtschev, denounced his legacy, initiating the period known as de-Stalinization.

1925: The American astronomer Edwin Hubble announces the discovery of galaxies outside the Milky Way.
1925: Amateur experiments with radio equipment began to expand knowledge of Very High Frequency (VHF) radio signal propagation. 
1925: Iran, Qajar dynasty ended with self coronation of Shah Reza Pahlavi to the King. He was an ambitious soldier who understood his opportunity and  got the backing of the British Monarchy who was increasingly alarmed of popular movements in the Middle-East.
1925: (March 16) Dr. Robert Goddard achieved the first successful launch of a liquid fueled rocket in Auburn, Mass.
1925-1933: October 14th, On September 8, 1926, Germany had been admitted to the League of Nations, but Hitler marched Germany out of the league on October 14, 1933. Boldly he went from one worldly success to another, annexing Austria and then Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia and forming the Axis powers, including faraway Japan. Earlier that year, in July, Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen negotiated in Hitler's behalf a concordat with the Vatican and with Pope Pius XI.
1926-1936: Poland; Between 1918 and 1924, Poland invaded all of its neighbors with the exception of Germany. It was
an aggressor before it even became a fascist state. A military coup of 1926 made it, after Italy,
Europe's 2nd fascist state Józef Klemens Piłsudski
[a] (Pilsudski.ogg ['juzɛf piw'sutski] (help·info), December 5, 1867 – May 12, 1935) was Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal" (from 1920) and (1926–35) the authoritarian ruler of the Second Polish Republic. From mid-World War I he was a major influence in Poland's politics, and an important figure on the European political scene.[1] He is considered largely responsible for Poland regaining independence in 1918, after a hundred twenty-three years of partitions.[2][3][4][5] Piłsudski was unable to include much of his Lithuanian homeland into the new country.[6]

Early in his political career, Piłsudski became a leader of the Polish Socialist Party. Concluding, however, that Poland's independence would have to be won by force of arms, he created the Polish Legions. In 1914 he anticipated the outbreak of a European war, the Russian Empire's defeat by the Central Powers, and the Central Powers' defeat by the western powers.[7] When World War I broke out, he and his Legions fought alongside the Austro-Hungarian and German Empires to ensure Russia's defeat. In 1917, with Russia faring badly in the war, he withdrew his support from the Central Powers.

From November 1918, when Poland regained independence, until 1922, Piłsudski was Poland's Chief of State. In 1919–21 he commanded Poland's forces in the Polish-Soviet War. In 1923, with the Polish government dominated by his opponents, particularly the National Democrats, he withdrew from active politics. Three years later he returned to power in the May 1926 coup d'état, becoming de facto dictator of Poland. From then until his death in 1935, he concerned himself primarily with military and foreign affairs.

1929: First Commercial television transmission experiments.

1929-1933: Germany was ruled by a grand coalition stretching from the Social Democrats to the Peoples Party with Social Democrat Muller as Chancelor.  1930 Rising unemployment puts the unemployment insurance into crisis.  Bruning then goes to the President, the conservative Hindenburg, and imposes the finance reforms by emergency decree under Article 48.  Article 48, intended to be used only in times when security and public order were seriously disrupted or imperilled (this was never defined) gave the President far reaching powers.  Bruning asks the President to dissolve the Reichstag. 

14th September, Elections are held while unemployment around 3 million.  The Nazis make sweeping gains and smaller gains are made by the Communists.  Bruning knowing he can rely on Article 48 dosn't even try.  From now on Germany ceases to be a parliamentary regime but Presidential regime ruling through the Chancellor appointed by the President.  Bruning now imposes a policy of deflation which the Social Democrats reluctantly 'tolerate' by voting against motions suspending the decrees.  Unemployment continues to rise.

March/April 1932: Hindenburg's term expires.  The Social Democrats and the Democrats support him as the lesser evil and he is elected on the second ballot - but Hitler gains 37%.  13th April: In response to growing NAZI violence Bruning's government persuades Hindenburg (very reluctantly) to ban the SA. 

June 1932: Hindenburg fed up with issuing unpopular decrees on Bruning's behalf replaces him by von Papen.  Papen meets Hitler and Hitler hints that the Nazis might support the new government in exchange for lifting of the ban on the SA and new elections.

Reichstag is dissolved (4th June).   20th July Presidential rule is imposed on the Prussian Land - using SA-communist clashes as a pretext.  This gives the Chancellor direct control of the police force of 2/3rds of Germany.  

31st July Elections to the Reichstag.  Hitler makes sweeping gains. The Nazis, along with the communists have a blocking majority in the Reichstag and as Hitler breaks his promise to support von Papen, and once again Germany is ruled by emergency decree.  12th September The new Reichstag meets.  The communists move to repeal one of the emergency decrees and to no-confidence the government.  Papen, to forestall this, attempts to immediately dissolve the Reichstag but not before the vote is counted - 512-42 against the government.  The new elections show some losses for Hitler but gains by the communists keep the Reichstag deadlocked. By now Germany is already a Presidential dictatorship in which any attempt to oppose the emergency decrees by the Reichstag will be met by dissolution.  However Papen loses the support of his cabinet and Hindenburg reluctantly agrees to Papen's resignation. 

2 Dec 1932: Schleicher, former friend of Papen and former minister heads the new government.  Papen then , driven by a desire for revenge, seeks out Hitler. Hitler demands the Chancelorship, the Ministry of Interior, and Commissioner for Prussia.  Papen wants to be Prussian Commissioner himself but offers the Interior Ministry of Prussia.  As this is what Hitler really wanted he agrees and all that is required now is to get the consent of the virtually senile Hindenburg.  Jan 30 1933: Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor. 

March 1933: During the election campaign massive intimidation by the SA means that only, apart from the Nazis, only the Nationalists are able to campaign.  The Prussian police, now under Nazi control, employs 50,000 'auxiliaries' who are mainly SA to be used against the opposition.  Many Nazi opponents are beaten up , some 50 killed. Despite this the Nazis only get 43.9% of the vote but with the Nationalists they have a majority.  With the election over the communists are banned and their Riechstag deputies arrested. 

23rd March: An enabling act giving dictatorial powers to Hitler's government is put to the Reichstag.  A 2/3rds majority is required and 2/3rds of the Riechstag must be present.  However along with the Nationalists, the Peoples Party and the Catholics vote for.  The Democrats (all five of them ) are split but decide to vote for, on the grounds that as Hitler is going to establish a dictatorship anyway it is better to let him do it legally.  Only those Social Democrats who attended (many are already under arrest) have the courage to vote against.

1929-1933: (Republic of the USA) Herbert C. Hoover, 31st president of the United States. Hoover was a highly successful mining engineer and a relief-administrator for war-ravaged countries. His election in 1928 as president won the overwhelming approval of the American people, yet within two years Hoover was condemned by most as a reactionary, unable or unwilling to soften the effects of the Great Depression. In fact Hoover was the first president to use the federal government to fight the effects of a depression, even though he was not successful, which helped prepare the nation for the government intervention of the "New Deal" policies of Franklin D. Roosevelt when he succeeded Hoover in 1933.

1930-Present: All fascist movements advocate the creation of an authoritarian government that is an autocratic single-party state led by a charismatic leader with the powers of a dictator.[citation needed] Many fascist movements support the creation of a totalitarian state. The Italian Doctrine of Fascism states: "The Fascist conception of the State is all-embracing; outside of it no human or spiritual values can exist, much less have value. Thus understood, Fascism is totalitarian, and the Fascist State—a synthesis and a unit inclusive of all values—interprets, develops, and potentiates the whole life of a people."[72] Political theorist Carl Schmitt, as a Nazi party member, published The Legal Basis of the Total State in 1935, describing the Nazi regime's intention to form a totalitarian state:

The recognition of the plurality of autonomous life would, however, immediately lead back to a disastrous pluralism tearing the German people apart into discrete classes and religious, ethnic, social, and interest groups if it were not for a strong state which guarantees a totality of political unity transcending all diversity. Every political unity needs a coherent inner logic underlying its institutions and norms. It needs a unified concept which gives shape to every sphere of public life. In this sense there is no normal State which is not a total State.[73]

Japanese fascist Nakano Seigo described the need for Japan to follow the Italian Fascist and Nazi regimes as a model for Japanese government and declared that a totalitarian society was more democratic than democracies, saying:

Both Fascism and Nazism are clearly different from the despotism of the old period. They do not represent the conservatism which lags behind democracy, but are a form of more democratic government going beyond democracy. Democracy has lost its spirit and decayed into a mechanism which insists only on numerical superiority without considering the essence of human beings. It says the majority is all good. I do not agree, because it is the majority which is the precise cause of contemporary decadence. Totalitarianism must be based on essentials, superseding the rule of numbers.[74]

Fascist movements have commonly held social darwinist views of nations, races, and societies.[69] Italian Fascist Alfredo Rocco shortly after World War I claimed that conflict was inevitable in society:

Conflict is in fact the basic law of life in all social organisms, as it is of all biological ones; societies are formed, gain strength, and move forwards through conflict; the healthiest and most vital of them assert themselves against the weakest and less well adapted through conflict; the natural evolution of nations and races takes place through conflict. Alfredo Rocco[80]

Italian Fascist philosopher Giovanni Gentile in The Origins and Doctrine of Fascism promoted the concept of conflict being an act of progress by stating that "mankind only progresses through division, and progress is achieved through the clash and victory of one side over another".[80]

Fascist movements commonly follow the social Darwinist view that in order for nations and races to survive in a world defined by perpetual national and racial conflict, nations and races must purge themselves of socially and biologically weak or degenerate people while simultaneously promoting the creation of strong people.[81]

The nations that could be categorised as having Fascist aspirations at different time periods were:

  1. Russia; the time of Stalin
  2. Poland; the time of
  3. Italy: the time of Mussolini
  4. Spain; the time of Franco
  5. Germany; the time of Hitler
  6. USA; the fascists coup failed at the beginning of the President Roosevelt's regime but is raising it's head again after 2008 lections helped by the Jewish/Zionist voting influence that has made the elections a mockery around democracy - rather sooner somethinmg must yeld. Either the country adopts the democratic process with relative representation or it slides into fascism.
  7. Japan; aspirations at the time of WW II
  8. Israel; it is formally a democracy but sliding fast towards fascism with corruption running rampant of the top of the governments.
  9. China; the time of Mao Tse-Tung
1931: The first governmental space/rocketry research agencies were formed by Germany and Russia (separately).
1932: Radio waves were discovered to be coming from the Milky Way Galaxy.
1932: Edwin H. Armstrong developed the first Frequency Modulation (FM) system for radio signals.
1933-1945: (Republic of the USA) Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States. Roosevelt served longer than any other president. His unprecedented election to four terms will probably never be repeated; the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of the United Stated, passed after his death, denies the right of any person to be elected president more than twice. Roosevelt held office during the two greatest crisis ever faced by the United States: the Great Depression of the 1930's, followed by World War II. His domestic program, known as the New Deal, introduced far-reaching social reforms within the free enterprise system and prepared the way for what is often called the welfare state. His leadership of the Democratic Party transformed it into a political vehicle for American liberalism. Both in peacetime and in war his impact on the office of president was enormous. Although there had been strong presidents before him, they were the exception.
1933: USA; The fascist revolution against Franklin Roosevelt failed.

Could it happen again? The old fashioned fascism may still turn out to a serious threat as the people who participated were never rooted out nor disconnected from their roots to the Banking Empires and Judaism.  The "Lords" and their descendants behind it are still here are real and represent stil an active threat.  The previous effort (1933) to bring fascism into USA was revealed by BBC in UK on June 23, 2007 "only" 74 years after the actual facts.  However, the documentary has never been aired in the US so we do not "know" of it

The coup failed as the serving US Army General decided to become a "double agent".  He had already a 500,000 men army of unhappy reservists ready to charge on but instead of taking over the government revealed it all to the newly elected President Roosevelt and offered his loyalty only to him.  The coup plan included a speedy replacement or even a sudden death to the "ailing" Roosevelt if he would resist.  Roosevelt's successful election campaign which included the "New Deal" was unthinkable for these "Lords" and with that plan Roosevelt was as good as dead at arrival to the White House! 

1933-1945: Adolf Hitler (German pronunciation: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ], 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), popularly known as the Nazi Party. He was the ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.

A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the Nazi Party in 1920 and became its leader in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in 1923, he gained support by promoting German nationalism, anti-semitism, and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly established and made reality his vision of a totalitarian, autocratic, single party, national socialist dictatorship. Hitler pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for Germany, directing the resources of the state toward this goal. His rebuilt Wehrmacht invaded Poland in 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.[2]

Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers occupied most of Europe and a part of northern Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onward and in 1945 Allied armies invaded Germany from all sides. His forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic killing of as many as 17 million civilians[3], an estimated six million of whom were Jews targeted in a genocide known as the Holocaust.

During the final days of the war in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress Eva Braun. Less than two days later, the two committed suicide.[4]

1934: Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring”.
1934: Portable phonographs
1935: Robert Watson-Watt developed the first radar system in England.
1936-1952: (The Windsors) British Monarchy, Edward VIII (reigned January-December, 1936 abdicated) George VI (1936-52) a conscientious and dedicated man, worked hard to adapt to the role into which he was suddenly thrown. In 1923 he had married Lady Elizabeth Bows-Lyon; and he carried out many official engagements at home and abroad. Reserved by nature, and of deep religious belief, he did not expect to become King. By 1948, it seemed that Britain had overcome the worst hardships of the post-war years, but the strain of the Second World War and the tensions of the post-war period had taken their toll on the King's health. The King failed to recover from a lung operation, and died in his sleep on February 6, 1952 at Sandringham; at the age of 56.
1936-Present: Hydrogen peroxide has been used in many applications for propulsion and power generation in the last 70 years.

Its first major use was by the German Luftwaffe during Word War II. In 1936 Helmuth Walters´ Walterwerke developed a 1000 kgf hydrogen peroxide propelled ATO (= Auxiliary Take Off) rocket engine for the Heinkel He 176. This first engine was a cold monopropellant rocket engine using injection of calciumpermanganate solution as a decomposition catalyst. 80% conc. H2O2 was used.

Shortly after this, the same company supplied the rocket engine to the Messerschmidt Me 163B Komet. This engine was a hot bipropellent rocket engine. 80% conc. H2O2 was used as the oxidizer. As the organic liquid fuel a mixture called "C-Stoff" was used. It contained hydrazine hydrate and methyl alcohol. C-Stoff was self-igniting (aka hypergolic), so no other decomposition catalyst was needed in this engine.

Probably the most well-known application of H2O2 during WW II was in the V2-rocket for the turbo-pump gas generator.

Hydrogen peroxide was used in several other applications by the Germans, like in submarines and torpedos, but the most frequently used device was a catapult operated on 80-85% H2O2 and calciumpermanganate solution. Several hundreds of these catapults were produced and each catapult was used many times.
1937: Amateur radio astronomer Grote Reber made the first radio maps of the sky.
1937: US Government, bankers and industrialists helped rearming the Nazi-Germany in 1937.  Hitler's plans were discussed in a secret meeting held in San Francisco on November 23, 1937.  He was represented personally by Kurt von Kurt von Tippelskirch director of army intelligence ja Manfred von Killinger, politician and diplomat at the time.  The USA was represented in addition to the government by prominent bankers and industrialists, that included Arthur Vandenberg, Herbert Hoover, Henry Ford, brothers John Foster and Allen Dulles, William Bullitt, Randolph Hearst, and William Knudsen.  After Hitler's expansion plans were fully explained Senator Vandenberg stated that the US foreign policy is to do everything to support Hitler, and especially against the Soviet Union.
1938: November 9-10, 1938 was known as Crystal Night, when widespread attacks were carried out against Jews and Jewish property across German cities, including attacks on shops where store windows were smashed.
1939:The first U.S. governmental involvement in "Rocket Science".
1939: September, Germany (the KING OF THE NORTH) begins World War II by attacking and defeating Poland.  Germany was striving for world domination, in an effort to re-establish the "Holy Roman Empire."
1939-1958: Pope Pius XII, rules the Catholic church in Rome.
1940: (October 31) The FCC granted construction permits for the first fifteen commercial FM broadcast stations.
1940-1945; 1951-1955: Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, historian, writer, and artist. He is the only British Prime Minister who has ever received the Nobel Prize in Literature and only the second person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.

During his army career, Churchill saw action in India, in the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers.

At the forefront of the political scene for almost fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He returned as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air. In the interwar years, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative government.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. Churchill was always noted for his speeches, which became a great inspiration to the British people and embattled Allied forces.

After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister before finally retiring in 1955. Upon his death, the Queen granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of statesmen in the world.

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, historian, writer, and artist. He is the only British Prime Minister who has ever received the Nobel Prize in Literature and only the second person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.

During his army career, Churchill saw action in India, in the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers.

At the forefront of the political scene for almost fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He returned as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air. In the interwar years, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative government.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. Churchill was always noted for his speeches, which became a great inspiration to the British people and embattled Allied forces.

After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister before finally retiring in 1955. Upon his death, the Queen granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of statesmen in the world.

1941: In May, 17-nations are no longer members of the LEAGUE OF NATIONS [ being embroiled in World War II, leading to that organizations collapse in December ]. The United States of America becomes the ally of Great Britain in World War II, thus continuing the struggle between the KING OF THE NORTH & the KING OF THE SOUTH as prophesied through Daniel at Daniel 11:1-27.
1941: December 7th, Japanese submarines and carrier-based planes attacked the United States Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Nearby military airfields were also attacked by the Japanese planes. Eight American battleships and 13 other naval vessels were sunk or badly damaged, almost 200 American aircraft were destroyed on the ground, and approximately 3,000 naval and military personnel were killed or wounded in this surprise attack. This attack marked the entrance of Japan and the United States of America into World War II, Japan on the Axis power side along with Germany, Italy and Romania. The United States on the side of the Allied powers of Britain, France, and Russia.
1942: The first V-2 missile was launched in Germany.

1942-1943: The Jewish "Holocaust" in Germany and Poland during the second world war is likely one of the most known around the Western world.  Practically no one talks about any of the others that the humanity has suffered, nor about the three active "Holocausts" currently in the World:  1) The one in the former Belgian Congo in Africa where already over 4 million people have been slaughtered,  2) The ongoing ethnic cleansing in Sudan, and 3) the one ongoing in the Gaza Strip where the ethnic cleansing processes are imposed a subtle way to the Palestinians by the Jews who themselves were targets 65 years earlier in Germany.  Additionally we have new fresh signs of brewing ethnic violence from Kenya, Africa while the "Holocaust" in Uganda, Africa ended only a couple of decades ago.  


The cleansing in Gaza strip as organized to follow the practices in Germany except that the whole Gaza strip is like a prison camp.  Food and fuel for keeping the society services running are rationed below the level of long term survival.  With no services the environment has become a fertile ground for diseases and the missing medicines and  electricity make the hospitals non functional and the weakest will die prematurely.  On the other side the young men from Gaza are used as inexpensive labor force to build the seemingly everlasting expansion of the Israeli settlements over the Palestinian lands.  When asked why to work on the settlements they have a simple answer: "If we do not do this our families have nothing to eat - there is no other place to work."

It was clear during the second World War that the abuse of Jewish people was done fully under the watchful eyes of the State, the Third Reich of Germany.  The Jewish people were rounded up around the Europe and brought to the labor camps to do forced labor to benefit the German war apparatus.  The people did not receive enough nourishment, reportedly only about 30% of their daily need.   With this their long term survival was not in the books.   It is not reported in public but it is obvious that the primal forces of survival must have played their tricks and some gave up part of their rationing to those who would "protect" them even if just a little while longer against the bullies among them.

Is the number of the Jewish who perished in labor camps under Hitler's regime 5,500,000 as the Jewish sources claimed in 1945, or a mere 115,337 as indicated by the written documents that the Russians took with them? It is surprising that we have discussed this specific "Holocaust" and these numbers over a half of a century.  Until we get serious and study this issue properly we continue to create just hot air, high emotions and physical animosities between the Nations.  We all know that the Germans are notorious in their detail oriented record keeping and with that we know that detailed records were made covering each and every person who entered through the gates of all the labor camps.   Either the current safe keeper of these documents does not want to share their content with the world or the fact is that the documents now in Russia are the only ones ever made and hold the facts.  It is also clear that the logistics and equipment to kill and burn up to 5.5 million people during the time the camps existed was not enough - this means that the number of 5.5 million Jews perished in these camps can not be correct.  The more the issue is analyzed the clearer it becomes that the reality is totally different.  Unfortunately,  the public reception in the World still believes that more than 5.5 million people were murdered in these German run labor camps.

The changing "official" numbers of the victims are shown in the table left, see more.  The forced labor camps are a common practice during the times of war.   Even the US rounded first of Her Indian Nations to "open" camps where many still are - 11 million deaths later.  No "Holocaust" here?  She also rounded Her Japanese population  to secured camps during the WW II. 

To claim that this Jewish "Holocaust" was somehow special among the hundreds or perhaps even thousands of "Holocausts" the the peoples of the World have suffered is an inaccurate presentation of the real world.

To understand more of the details of this specific "Holocaust" we have found some specific claims from the"Encyclopedia of the Holocaust" (1997).  “A total of 870,000 people” were killed and buried at Treblinka between July 1942 and April 1943. Then, between April and July 1943, hundreds of thousands of the corpses were allegedly dug up and burned on large grids made of railroad rails and buried again.  These claims were studied for accuracy by using a ground penetrating radar on the claimed burial sites.  The Australian team who studied the fields could not find signs of meaningful grave sites on alleged locations leaving the claimed 870,000 victims in Treblinka hanging into air.  This research team from Australia has afterwards promised a quarter of million dollar reward for anyone who can point the team to the correct site.  This is more than confusing as the ground penetrating radar can detect the ground structure and any changes it may have been imposed to and sometimes even very precisely what is down there.

lager geld
For six days in October 1999, an Australian forensics team headed by Richard Krege, a qualified electronics engineer, carried out an examination of the soil at the site of the former Treblinka II camp in Poland where, holocaust historians claim, 870,000 Jews were put to death in gas chambers and then buried in huge mass graves. Kregesaid: “From these scans we could clearly identify the largely undisturbed horizontal stratigraphic layering, better known as horizons, of the soil under the camp site. We know from scans of gravesites and other sites with known soil disturbances, such as quarries, when this natural layering is massively disrupted or missing altogether.Because normal geological processes are very slow acting, disruption of the soil structure would have been detectable even after 60 years. Historians say that the bodies were exhumed and cremated toward the end of the Treblinka camp’s use in 1943, but we foundno indication that any mass graves ever existed.”

Lager geld from Mittelbau-Dora, sometimes known as Mittelbau or Nordhausen, was a Nazi concentration camp in Germany, in the Kohnstein south of the Harz mountains as a sub-camp of the already existing Buchenwald camp. Eventually it comprised more than 40 camps.The main goal of the complex was to establish the underground production of armaments, notably the V-2 rocket.During its 18 months of activity, approximately 60,000 prisoners from 21 nations passed through; an estimated 20,000 of those died in this prison.

Far from being the "death camps" as you have heard so often, places like Auschwitz, Dachau and Buchenwald were not in the business of extermination. They were work camps, critical to the German war effort. But did you know that the Jewish workers were compensated for their labor with scrip printed specifically for their use in stores, canteens and even brothels? The prisoner monetary system was conceived in ghettos such as Lodz, carried to camps such as Auschwitz and Dachau and still existed in the displaced persons camps that were established by the Allies after World War II. Here is the story of the money the court historians do not want you to even suspect existed.

Piles of incinerated corpses were indicting images at Nuremberg, used to prove that the German-run concentration camps during World War II were intended for purposes of exterminating the Jews of Europe. However, a plethora of documentary evidence, long suppressed, shows that prisoners were relatively well-treated, compensated for their hard work and allowed to purchase luxuries to which even the German public did not have ready access. This is not the image of abject deprivation that the Holocaust lobby would like you to entertain.

1942: "Aerojet Engineering Corporation" became the first commercial entity dedicated to the production of rocket engines.
1945: Italy, women received voting rights.
1945: (October) Science Fiction author Arthur C. Clarke proposed communications relay satellites in an article for "Wireless World" magazine

1945: Hitler's Testament, April 29, Berlin, 4AM, Exerts from Hitler's Testament:

"More than thirty years have passed since 1914 when I made my modest contribution as a volunteer in the First World War, which was forced upon the Reich. In these three decades love and loyalty to my people have guided all my thoughts, actions and my life. They gave me the strength to make the most difficult decisions ever to confront mortal man. In these three decades I have spent my strength and my health. It is untrue that I or anyone else in Germany wanted war in 1939. It was wanted and provoked solely by international statesmen either of Jewish origin or working for Jewish interests. "  ...  "To begin with, the Jews are unquestionably a race, not a religious community.  The Jew himself never describes himself as a Jewish German, a Jewish Pole or a Jewish American, but always as a German, Polish or American Jew.  Jews have never adopted more than the language of the foreign nations in whose midst they live.  There is hardly a race in the world whose members all belong to a single religion. Through inbreeding for thousands of years, often in very small circles, the Jew has been able to preserve his race and his racial characteristics much more successfully than most of the numerous people among whom he has lived.  As a result there lives amongst us a non-German, alien race, unwilling and indeed unable to shed its racial characteristics, its particular feelings, thoughts and ambitions and nevertheless enjoying the same political rights as we ourselves do.  And since even the Jew's feelings are limited to the purely material realm, his thoughts and ambitions are bound to be so even more strongly.  Their dance around the golden calf becomes a ruthless struggle for all the possessions that we feel deep down are not the highest and not the only ones worth striving for on this earth."

1945: October, THE UNITED NATIONS organization is ratified and goes into effect, the LEAGUE OF NATIONS is dissolved on January 10, 1946,(the UNITED NATIONS as it's successor becomes the "eighth king" or the EIGHTH WORLD POWER of Bible prophesy, Revelation 17:11), when the first General Assembly of the United Nations opened in London, England [symbolic scarlet-colored beast out of the abyss], "the disgusting thing that causes desolation," (Daniel 11:31) since the collapse of the Nazi-Fascist powers at the end of WW II, there has been a rivalry between the superpowers, one representing the KING OF THE NORTH, dominating a socialistic bloc of nations, and the other representing the KING OF THE SOUTH, dominating a largely capitalistic bloc of nations. (Daniel 11:37, 38).
1945: The Cold War the atomic age, begins when the United States of America drops two atomic bombs on Japan ending World War II. The collapse of Germany in May 1945, the cold war came from the disagreements/settlements for postwar Europe and the far east. Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France, and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed. In an effort to keep the people of east Berlin from fleeing to the western sector the infamous Berlin Wall is constructed, Thus resumes the clash between the KING OF THE NORTH represented by the Soviet Bloc of nations and the KING OF THE SOUTH represented by the Democratic nations of Great Britain and the United States of America of the prophecy of Daniel chapter 11.
1945-1953: (Republic of the USA) Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States. Truman initiated the foreign policy of containing Communism, a policy that was the hallmark of the Cold War. He continued the welfare policies established under his predecessor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman helped to centralize power in the executive branch of government, a trend begun under Roosevelt. Truman's willingness to accept responsibility for difficult decisions made him one of the most controversial of presidents. Throughout his administration, Truman failed to rally congressional support for most of his programs for domestic legislation, called the "Fair Deal." However, he did secure sufficient legislative backing to produce an outstanding record in foreign affairs, especially in meeting what most Americans felt was the challenge posed by the rising power of the Communistic bloc
1946: (January 11) The first radar signals were bounced off the moon and received back on Earth.
1946: A joint Army/Air Force group, called project "RAND", studied the feasibility of launching a satellite into orbit. Because their craft was not able to lift an atomic bomb, they were not able to secure funding from congress.
1946-1953: Russia, Nikolai Shernik is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Josef Stalin is General Secretary of the Communist Party, he dies in 1953, Georgi Malenkov is interim General Secretary of the Communist Party. After the defeat of Germany in World War II, Russia assumes the role of the KING OF THE NORTH of Daniel's prophecy.
1946-1948: Division of India to India and Pakistan. Over 600,000 people (6 lakhs) were ruthlessly killed, and over 10 million (1 crore) relocated in the biggest people relocation process in the known history.  The Hindu's moved away from the newly formed Pakistan to India and the Muslims from India to Pakistan.  The situation in the country was explosive.  Civil War was imminent.  The Congress ultimately consented to the partition of India. Despite Gandhi’s bitter opposition, he could not do anything to prevent the partition.  While the country was celebrating the Independence Day on 15th August 1947, Gandhi was in Bengal to fight communal madness.  Partition was followed by riots, and a massacre of unparalleled dimensions.  Calcutta was once more on the verge of riots.  Gandhi under-took a fast which had a magical effect.  Lord Mountbatten described him as ‘one-man peace army’.  Gandhi continued to plead for sanity in hose turbulent days until he was shot in 1948 by a Hindu worker who believed him too liberal towards the Muslims.

1946-Present: In 1946 the  "Balfour Declaration"  signed by the British Empire and the leadership of the Zionist movement in 1917 was put to work and UN approved a resolution to establish a Jewish homeland on the palestinian lands that had been occupied back in history by the Jewish tribes. The agreement called strictly for a real compensation to those Palestinians who would need to resettle.

Those Jews who had left their ancestral lands had sold them for the real value at the time so it would be fair to buy them back at real value today. Unfortunately this part of the agreement was never filled in any meaningfill way by the incoming settlers be they Jews or ZIonists. Zionists are people who have converted to Judaism and most of them lived in the lands of Khazaria that was located in and North fom Caucasus mountains between the Black Sea and the Caspian see and extending further to the North into the Southern Russia. By far the greatest majority of the Zionists are descendants of these Khazar tribeswho converted to Judaism to survive between the growing powers of Islam and Christianity. Khazars were a collection of related warrior tribes skilled in horseback warfare at such high level that the neighboring rulers paid them to solve any border disputes with their own neighbors.

At the beginning of the 20th century about 25,000 Jews and 650,000 Palestinians lived in Palestine. 

History records tell that about 90% of our presently living "pure bred" Jews in the World including the Middle East were originally 100% pure bred Khazars that had nothing to do with the Judaism or any Jewish roots.   Their tribal Kings, the Khans, realized that to survive against expansion of the single God religions of Islam and  Christianity they had to adopt a single God religion some 13 hundred years ago.  The only one left was Judaism and as Khazars were a collection of pasture and warrior tribes their Khans decided exactly this.  Judaism came also with the integrated Talmud law that supported all the deceptive tactics that were necessary to survive independent when pressed between the Muslims and Christians.




The existence of Palestinian and Jewish lands before 1946, the UN partition plan and the development since that until the year 2000 is shown in the enclosed four maps.  Palestinians had an unfortunate uprising in 1967 and Israel has used that as an excuse to keep on expanding Her settlements to gain security for the Jewish people.

The concept of "transferring" European Jews to Palestine and "transferring" the Palestinian people out is central to Zionism. Ben-Gurion, the 1st Israeli Prime Minister, eloquently articulated this essential Zionist pillar, he stated in 1944:

"Zionism is a TRANSFER of the Jews. Regarding the TRANSFER of the [Palestinian] Arabs this is much easier than any other TRANSFER. There are Arab states in the vicinity and it is clear that if the [Palestinian] Arabs are removed [to these states] this will improve their condition and not the contrary." (Expulsion Of The Palestinians, p. 159) Note the usage of the word "transfer" to signify the uprooting of the indigenous population to make room for Jewish refugees. Now a days this is a war crime called Ethnic Cleansing.

The question to ask is: "Why is UN not holding to its charter that require all members to respect the borders of the existing states?"  This means that the border between

Israel and Palestine was fixed in the war of 1967.  And as always free people can move anywhere they want if they only can afford it. 

Buying property on the other side of a border will not change the location of the border anywhere else on this planet if that is not mutually agreed like in the case of Alaska where the Russians foolishly gave it away for a "fistful of dollars". 

When the state is not involved into a mutual agreement of land purchases only the legal status of people who move will change.  Perhaps the Israelis who have bought land on the Palestinian territory have a secret desire to convert themselves to Muslims or just want to abandon their Israeli Citizenship.   Why would they otherwise buy land and home located in another country?  The land that the Israelis have bought in Palestine still belongs to the UN recognized territory of Palestine and is under the Palestinian jurisdiction - nothing has changed here.

To describe how raw the situation still is we noticed on January 28th, 2008 that the Chief Rabbi of Ashkenazi Jews, Yona Metzger was quoted calling for Gazans to be transferred to the Sinai Peninsula,  to a Palestinian state which he said could be constructed for them in the desert.  Perhaps this desert is different than all the other deserts and has plenty of water and arable land for the people just to settle in.  In this same interview in English with the British weekly- The Jewish News, the chief rabbi also said that while peaceable Muslims should be allowed to pray in Jerusalem mosques, they should recognize that Jerusalem belongs to the Jews.  Muslims have Mecca and Medina, he was quoted as saying, adding that "you don't need a third place."

Israel has become an apartheid Nation in the strictest meaning of the word:  Close to 4 million Palestinian Muslims and Christians are being subjected to Israeli laws that are different than the laws governing the 4.5 million Israeli Jews.  No US politician is foolish enough to suggest different laws for blacks and whites! The occupied West Bank has separate roads for Jews and Non-Jews.  Israel national identify cards show the religion of the card holder prominently in bold type.

The U.S. has funneled into Israeli economy over US$130 billion, almost twice the amount she devoted to rebuilding the whole Western Europe after WW II.  This is US$ 29,000 per each Jewish citizen in Israel.  Although it is great to help any new Nation to get started but using similar generosity inside the USA would mean that her citizens should be entitled to a gift of US$ 9 Trillion.

Can anything be done to stop these unjust processes against the Palestinians?  As an example the South African apartheid crimes were challenged not only by the heroic struggle of the oppressed masses on the ground in South Africa; they were also fought by worldwide campaigns of boycott, divestment and sanctions against the regime, with all its complicit economic, academic, cultural, and athletic institutions. Similarly, international civil society can, and ought to, apply the same measures of non-violent justice to bring about Israel's compliance with international law and basic human rights. Even the threat of sanctions has proven effective enough in the past to halt Israel's repeated campaigns of death and devastation.  It all can be done as soon as the world matures enough to act!

Next time the World should also be more careful when they offer to carve land for compensation to any groups of people regardless how miserably they have been treated somewhere.  Historical facts must be weight carefully before moving forward.  We were led to believe that the number of Jewish people who perished in labor camps under Hitler's regime was 5,500,000 but so far only 115,337 has been accounted for from the records that both can be disputed with the lack of absolute proof.  On high side the logic to physically kill and dispose 5,500,000 people within the available time frame disproves the high number while the low number can always be disputed by the potential loss of records during the turbulent times. 

In 132-135 AD the Jews rebelled their final time against the Roman Empire and the diaspora of the Jews began.  They sold their lands and moved away to the outskirts of the Roman Empire and beyond. 

In 1946 the a secret agreement signed by the British Empire and the Jews in 1917 was put to work as seen from the above map.  The agreement calls for real compensation to those Palestinians who would need to resettle but in reality they have received very little if nothing in return. 

By 1967 this treatment had created enough anger to explode to a six day war that the Jews won with the critical support form the USA and in the minds of the Jewish leaders this war is enough to justify everything they have done since that.  The Palestinians are now simply pushed away and their houses just bulldozed whenever the Jews need or want more land.  This process is more brutal than the Germans ever used during the WW II when they needed more manual laborers and created labor camps using the least trustworthy of their citizens, the Jews, who had already conspired against the German Nation by demanding the most stringent and damaging reprisals from the allied forces against their host Nation after the WW I. 

All the decision makers knew perfectly well that Germany had no way to surviving her reprisals and that was led to WW II.  When Germany lost also the WW II the Jews finally got what they wanted.  But unfortunately, it was not enough for them that they got the land of Israel as a reprisal for their exaggerated loss of life and property under the allied bombardment, "six" million deaths, and the suffering in the German concentration camps.  Ever since the chutzpah has been systematically used against most businesses in Germany and outside to get "just" a little more.  They also learned how to use boycotts against all those who wanted to defend themselves for this new abuse.  The boycott is a superior operating tool as soon as you get the masses participating and no business can survive if this boycott is not lifted.  For a business the loss of clients is means death.  

What about the rights of us, the 99.78% of the people in the world?  We all have also fought countless wars and suffered equally if not even more not to mention the financial damages?  Stop all your giving to this never ending chutzpah that we are bombarded with.  Rather analyze why the free peoples of the world feel so much guilty towards the Jewish race that they keep on giving them anything that they care to ask - and they for sure have no shame in asking!  Is it true that they succeeded in making us to believe that their God is superior to ours?  Shame on us as it appears to be true!  This is the only logical explanation that we keep on giving the anything at all.  The facts on non-divine world here down the earth tell clearly that they deserve absolutely nothing from us.  It is them who owe us not the opposite!

BERLIN (Reuters Fri Mar 21,2008) - The leader of Germany's Jewish community said on Friday she was surprised Pope Benedict could have allowed a new version of a Good Friday prayer for the conversion of Jews. Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, told Reuters Television she could not fathom Pope Benedict putting forward the new decree because he experienced discrimination against Jews in Germany as a young man. "I would have assumed that this German pope, of all people, had got to know first hand the ostracizing of Jewry," she said. "I could not have imagined that this same German pope could now impose such phrases upon his church." 

When this type of total BS keeps on coming out from the Jewish community at large they have to be brought to understand some reality.  The Christian Churches at large must immediately stop their one sided support to this less than a tiny fraction of the the human race and let them defend themselves the best they can.  If they are the God's truly selected race then just let us all see that they truly are the selected race of the God.  It is time to stop all this nonsense for once and for all!  Nobody wants any bad to happen to the Jews like any other peoples in the world.  However, when this keeps on coming on it is time to stop supporting their bottomless greed as this can not be the will of a True God.

No one should be particularly surprised, as war, theft and conquest have always been inextricably woven into the fabric of Israel's character. And not just since the 20th century when former Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan said '...Above all, let us hope for a new war with the Arab countries, so that we may finally get rid of our troubles and acquire space..." but indeed going ‘all the way back to the beginning,’ as they say. One first encounters this fact when reading in the Old Testament where Jacob (‘the deceiver’ who defrauded his brother Esau out of his inheritance) is renamed ‘Israel,’ the meaning of which given in the book of Genesis is ‘He who fights against God and man.’ Not long afterwards are the plagues and the slaughter of the first-born in Egypt, followed by the Israelite invasion of the Levant and the destruction of the various indigenous peoples there, including (but not limited to) the Amalekites, Canaanites and Philistines. It is also most likely not mere coincidence (based upon which particular spelling used–Israil, Izrael or Azrail) that it is also happens to be the name given to the angel of death. 

War is–for lack of better word–a ‘necessary’ evil when it comes to the health of the Jewish state. It is the fuel that feeds the beast and keeps it alive and without it the great experiment in Jewish self-rule would disintegrate in short order - a Diaspora.  In a recent interview on the Republic Broadcasting Network, (www.republicbroadcasting,org) former Israeli nuclear technician turned anti-Zionist apostle of peace Mordechai Vanunu laid it out in the clearest of terms–Israel MUST have war at least every ten years (or thereabouts) in order to bring the myriad of Jewish factions together.  Without war the Jewish state would be rudderless and without purpose.

There seem to be two species of orthodox Jews.  The above one and the one in Iran represented by the largest single colony outside Israel with some 30,000 members.  This specific colony is actually very old and seasoned and has survived already 3,000 years at their present place in Iran.  With the Iranian revolution large part of this colony got worried and emigrated to USA.  To stop this and to relieve their "angst" the Iranian religious leaders declared a Fatwa demanding all Muslims to protect all Jews against any hostilities.  These all orthodox Jews seem to think themselves differently compared to the most Jews in the world.  They claim first of all to be Iranians who just happen to have a Jewish religion.  This seem to be different as the Jews generally behave in their host nations where their first priority s often their Jewish heritage putting the interest of their host nation to a back burner.  With this pattern the relationship with the people of the host nations can never become good leading to the problems experienced in through the ages with happenings in Germany and the former Soviet Union as  good examples.   

1947: The transistor was invented at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the United States.
1948: World Council of Churches is formally organized in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in its first World Assembly, August 22nd-September 5th.

1948: Israel, Independence Day, 14 May (1948), the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May. Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the  Arabs.  Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides.   Israeli citizens naturalized in the United States retain their Israeli citizenship, and their children usually become Israeli citizens.  In addition, children born in the United States to Israeli parents usually acquire both U.S. and Israeli nationality at birth.  Israeli citizens, including dual nationals, are subject to Israeli laws requiring service in Israel's armed forces.  U.S.-Israeli dual nationals of military age who do not wish to serve in the Israeli armed forces should contact the Israeli Embassy in Washington, D.C. to learn more about an exemption or deferment from Israeli military service before going to Israel.  Without this document, they may not be able to leave Israel without completing military service or may be subject to criminal penalties for failure to serve. Israeli citizens, including dual nationals, must enter and depart Israel on their Israeli passports.

Only one of the 45 Zionist Jews who sign the Israeli "declaration of independence" on May 14th, 1948 was born in Palestine. The other 44 were mostly Jewish refugees who escaped their anti-Semitic Europe countries, such as Tsarist Russia, Germany, and Poland.

1949-1954: People's Republic of China was established. Mao Zedong became the First acting President of the Peoples Republic of China
1949: NATO established in March.
1949: (February 24) The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's (JPL) WAC CORPOAL became the first man made object to enter extraterrestrial space. It achieved an altitude of 244 miles.
1949: The Cold War. Soviet atomic bomb test, on August 29, 1949 the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb starting the nuclear arms race between the United States of America the KING OF THE SOUTH and the Soviet Union the KING OF THE NORTH of the prophecy of Daniel chapter 11.
1950: The first color television system was approved by the FCC. {R.9.159}
1950: The European Coal and Steel Association established
1950-1953: The Korean War, In the Korean War a UNITED STATES, (the KING OF THE SOUTH), dominated UNITED NATIONS, (the "eighth king" of Rev. 17:11) coalition came to the aide of South Korea, which was aided by the USSR, (UNION of SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS, the KING OF THE NORTH) and allied with Communist China; the war ended in a military stalemate and the restoration of the political status quo. Concurrently, the United States was assuming increasing leadership of the Western nations against what were perceived as the expansionist intentions of the USSR. As the cold war heated up, it brought the United States into a military confrontation with Communist forces in Korea.

1951-1953: Iran, second attempt towards democracy was tried by Mohammad Mossardeq, an independent thinker who nationalized the Iranian oil industry, namely AIOC, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.  However, CIA backed British engineered a coup and returned Reza Pahlavi's son to power for another 25 years.  Oil was cheap again.

The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was founded in 1908 following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, Iran. It was the first company to extract oil from the Middle East. In 1935 APOC was renamed the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) and in 1954 became the British Petroleum Company (BP), one of the antecedents of the modern BP Plc.

1952-Present: (The Windsors) British Monarchy, Elizabeth II (1952- ) Elizabeth's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953. Elizabeth is the current reigning British Monarch. [Note #1: The majority of the information about the British Monarchy was information from the website: "Monarchy Through The Ages"] [Note #2: The purpose for the information concerning the British Monarchy, since it is part of the seventh world power (the Anglo-American dual world power), also since the British Monarchy is the supreme head of the Church of England it is interesting to see what role religion played in this, half of the dual world power of England and the United States of America. It is also interesting to see just how this world power developed since it plays a major role in the Bible's prophesies today.]
1953: Iran:  In 1953 a coup d'état deposed the government of Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddeq and his cabinet and was effected by Gen. Fazlollah ZahediSIS, and CIA agents working with anti-government civilians and army officers. This deposition of a formally-elected civil government was "a critical event in post-war world history", re-installing the unpopular Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi as the leader of a pro-Western dictatorship and contributed to his overthrow by the anti-Western Islamic Republic in 1979.  With this power grab oil was destined to remain an inexpensive commodity for the West. 
1953-1960: Russia, Kliment Voroshitov is President the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Nikita Krushchev is General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1953-1964.
1953-1961:(Republic of the USA) Dwight D. Eisenhower, American military leader and 34th president of the United States. Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during World War II and the first Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces. As a soldier he commanded the invasion of Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge, defeating Germany's last offensive. As president he ended the Korean War in 1953, launched the Interstate Highway System, built up America's nuclear arsenal, and kept peace while pursuing a policy of containing Communism throughout the world. (The Cold War, the pushing and shoving of the Communistic bloc of nations representing the KING OF THE NORTH and the Capitalistic nations representing the KING OF THE SOUTH).
1954-1959: Mao Zedong was the first President of the Peoples Republic of China
1955: WEU established.
1955: (March 9) Werner von Braun was Hitler's chief rocket designer during World War II, and was primarily responsible for the successful flight of the V-2 rocket in 1942. He came to work for the U.S. after the war, and later built the huge Saturn V rockets which took men to the moon. On this day he stepped forward and presented his vision of man's future in space on a network television series called "Disneyland". At that time, he predicted that a "practical passenger rocket could be built in ten years."
1955-1975: The Vietnam War. In the Vietnam War which lasted from the mid-1950's until 1975 the United States the KING OF THE SOUTH and the southern-based Republic of Vietnam (RVN) opposed the southern-based revolutionary movement known as the Viet Cong and its sponsor, the Communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam (the DRV, or North Vietnam) subsequently backed by the USSR, the KING OF THE NORTH.
1957: (August 8) The United States made the first intact recovery of a man made object from space. {R.2.108}
1957: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik I little more than a beeping metal ball into space. Never before had an artificial object orbited the Earth. That achievement on Oct. 4, 1957, stunned and alarmed America. It also triggered an epic space race between the world's superpowers that would culminate nearly 12 years later, when Apollo astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. "Sputnik I changed the world," NASA administrator Michael Griffin said in 2007. "It changed history."
1958: EEC Established
1958: (January 31) The United States launched their first satellite, Explorer I.
1958: A government agency called NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is formed in the United States to explore the peaceful and commercial uses of space and spin-off technologies.
1958: Scientists at MIT's Lincoln Laboratory successfully reflected radio signals back from the planet Venus.
1958: (December) Project Score, the first communications satellite, was launched by the United States.
1958-1963: Pope John XXIII, rules the Catholic church in Rome
1959-1968: Liu Shaoqi was the 2nd President of the Peoples Republic of China
1959: Fulgencio Batista, president of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
1959: (January 2) The USSR launched Luna 1 which, after a flyby of the moon, became the first man made object to enter an orbit around the sun
1959: (March 3) Later that same year, the US had the first deep-space telemetry success, when they were able to communicate with their probe which was four hundred thousand miles from Earth.
1959: (September 12) The probe "Luna 2" became the first man made object to land on another celestial body when it impacted the moon. 
1959: (October 4) And then, they did it again! The Probe "Luna 3" brought mankind his first vision of the dark side of the moon. 
1959-1969: (Fifth French Republic) France, Charles De Gaulle, French general and statesman (1890-1970), the architect of the Fifth French Republic and its first president (1959-1969). In May, 1958 France was confronted with a threat of civil war over the question of independence for Algeria. Charles De Gaulle was recalled (after retirement from active military service) , to serve as premier of France. The National Assembly granted him power to rule by decree for six months and to supervise the drafting of a new constitution. The new charter, conferring vastly increased powers to the executive branch, was overwhelmingly approved by French voters. The following December de Gaulle was elected president of the newly created Fifth Republic. He took office on January 8, 1959. During his first term de Gaulle instituted economic, industrial, and governmental reforms, negotiated Algerian independence, and led France into the European Economic Community (EEC). He also championed a unilateral nuclear-weapons program for France, which e
1960: NASA starts the George C. Marshall Space Flight center in Huntsville, Alabama. {R.2.107} Cool place to visit!
1960: The First laser (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) was developed by Theodore Maiman.
1960: Cold War. From 1955 to 1958, the UNITED STATES, the KING OF THE SOUTH had been flying U2 spy planes on photographic missions over the USSR, the KING OF THE NORTH at an altitude of 75,000 feet, which for years was beyond the capability of Soviet planes and anti-aircraft weapons. On May 1, 1960 the U2 plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down by a SAM-2 (a surface to air missile). Powers was captured by the Soviet Union.
1960-1964: Russia, Leonid Brezhnev is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Nikita Krushchev is General Secretary of the Communist Party, he is disgraced and forced into retirement after his failure during the Cuban Missile Crisis showdown with John F. Kennedy, President of the United States.
1961: The FCC approved the first stereo FM broadcasts.
1961: (December 12) Project OSCAR I was launched. The OSCAR, an acronym for "Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio", was completely a project of amateur experimenters, who even financed it out of their own pockets. 
1961: The Bay of Pigs. In April 1961, the UNITED STATES attempted to invade Cuba and overthrow premier Fidel Castro which had the backing of the USSR, further heightening the tensions of the cold war between the KING OF THE NORTH and the KING OF THE SOUTH.
1961-1963: (Republic of the USA) John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States, the youngest person to ever be elected president. He was the first Roman Catholic and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as president. His achievements, both domestic and foreign were therefore limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban missile crisis may have prevented an all out nuclear war with the Soviet Union, (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Communist bloc representing the KING OF THE NORTH of Daniel chapter 11.) Young people especially admired Kennedy, and perhaps no other president was so popular. He brought an awareness of the cultural and historical traditions of the United States and an appreciation for intellectual excellence. Because Kennedy eloquently expressed the values of 20th century America, his presidency had an importance beyond its legislative and political achievements.
1962: The first probe to visit another planet from planet Earth was launched. It was "Mariner 2" from the United States. 
1962: (Republic of the USA) The Cuban Missile crisis. In May, 1962 Soviet premier Nikita Krushchev conceived the idea to put intermediate range nuclear missiles in Cuba, a pushing and shoving match continues between the KING OF THE NORTH and KING OF THE SOUTH. On October 22, President Kennedy of the UNITED STATES responded with a live television broadcast stating the discovery of the weapons and that any attack coming from Cuba would be treated as an attack by the Soviet Union. Kennedy imposed a naval blockade of Cuba to stop the construction of missile sites on the island. On October 28, 1962 Krushchev announced that the missile sites would be dismantled.
1962: In Vatican City the second ecumenical Vatican Council is opened by Pope John XXIII, with many non-Roman Catholic delegate observers present, on Oct. 11th. But on Dec. 8th., Pope John XXIII adjourned the council until Sept. 8th., 1963.
1963: (July 26) Syncomm II was launched from the United States and became the first geostationary (almost) satellite. 
1963: Jean Cocteau died, the last known Grand Master of Prieure de Sion
1963: Under the date of April 11th., at Vatican City, Pope John XXIII published his encyclical entitled "Pacem in Terris" and in it he praised the United Nations Organization. He died on June 3rd., after receiving many blood transfusions in May.
1963-1969: (Republic of the USA) Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th president of the United States. Johnson was the first candidate from a Southern state to be elected president of the United States for more than a century. He became president on November 22, 1963, hours after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas. In 1964 Johnson was elected to a full four year term by the largest popular majority in modern U.S. history. His triumph represented a victory for the average voter in U.S. politics, with which, Johnson, a congressman, Senate leader, and vice president identified himself. Johnson was one of the most masterful politicians in the history of the Congress of the United States. He was a champion of bipartisan and concesus politics. His positions on public issues were always in line with what he believed to be the middle ground of popular opinion. He excelled in getting things done. He was not an innovator of programs or ideas. His domestic program, which he called the "Great Society," was an extension
1963-1978: Pope Paul VI, rules the Catholic church in Rome.
1964: The United States launched Mariner 4, which became the first craft to make a flyby of Mars.
1964-1965: Russia, Anastas Mikoyan is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Leonid Brezhnev is General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1964 to 1977.
1965: (March 9) OSCAR III, the first active (it was a radio relay) amateur satellite, was launched.
1965: (April) "Early Bird" became the world's first international telecommunications satellite.
1965-1977: Russia, Nikolai Podgorny is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Leonid Brezhnev is General Secretary of the Communist Party.
1966: (January 31) "Luna 9" from the USSR made the first successful soft landing (means it didn't crash) on the moon and returned pictures.
1966: (March 31) "Luna 10" from the USSR became the first man made satellite to orbit the moon.
1967: Israel occupied the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, and East Jerusalem as a result of the 1967 war.  The war of June 1967 has not been fully researched, and much about it remains classified. Perhaps the proper time has not yet come.  Israeli hearts may still be unprepared for the difficulty involved in criticizing the war that was viewed not only as the greatest military victory in Israel’s history, an example to the world, but principally as a sign from heaven, the footsteps of the Messiah, and a harbinger of redemption….  It must be remembered that in 1967 the army was still commanded by former members of the Palmah [the elite fighting unit of the Israeli War of Independence] who were burning to exploit the Six Day War to complete what was denied them in 1948: To take over the Palestinians’ remaining territories and, through the power of conquest, realize the true Greater Israel.
1967: Israel attacks the USA.  In 1967 Israel, the only nuclear superpower in the Middle-East attacked the U.S.S. Liberty causing the deaths of 34 men and injuries to 171.  An event shrouded in mystery in 1967 is still surrounded with many unanswered questions. 

"After surveilling USS Liberty for more than nine hours with almost hourly aircraft over flights and radar tracking, the air and naval forces of Israel attacked our ship in international waters without warning. USS Liberty was identified as a US naval ship nine hours before the attack by Israeli reconnaissance aircraft and continuously tracked by Israeli radar and aircraft thereafter. Sailing in international waters at less than five knots, with no offensive armament, our ship was not a military threat to anyone."

"The Israeli forces attacked without warning and without attempting to contact us. The ship, a $40 Million Dollar state of the art signals intelligence platform, was later declared unsalvageable and sold for scrap."

Israeli fighters repeatedly attacked from the air for 25 minutes and then by torpedo boats for 40 minutes. The problem for Israelis and the US government was that this ship did not sink.  The Israelis did not dare to go onboard to find and kill the remaining and still living US servicemen as the the incident was already noticed.  This attack against the USA remains as the only occasion where the USA has not retaliated against the aggressor.  The purpose of the attack was to draw Egypt into war against the USA with a false impression that Egyptians were behind this attack.  The USA would likely have used a nuclear weapon to neutralize Egypt and with that all their influence in the Middle-East.  It is just amazing how large number of educated and intelligent people in the USA have never heard of this Israeli attack.  For details covering this undeclared and unsettled war against the USA, see -> ussliberty.org

An Israeli military court of inquiry later acknowledged that their naval headquarters knew at least three hours before the attack that the odd-looking ship 13 miles off the Sinai Peninsula, sprouting more than 40 antennas capable of receiving every kind of radio transmission, was “an electromagnetic audio-surveillance ship of the U.S. Navy,” a floating electronic vacuum cleaner.

The Israeli inquiry later concluded that that information had simply gotten lost, never passed along to the ground controllers who directed the air attack nor to the crews of the three Israeli torpedo boats who picked up where the air force left off, strafing the Liberty’s decks with their machine guns and launching a torpedo that blew a 39-foot hole in its starboard side.

The survivors interviewed by the Tribune rejected Israel’s explanation.  Nor did they understand why the American 6th Fleet, which included the aircraft carriers America and Saratoga, patrolling 400 miles west of the Liberty, launched and then recalled at least two squadrons of Navy fighter-bombers that might have arrived in time to prevent the torpedo attack — and save 26 American lives. 

J.Q. “Tony” Hart, then a chief petty officer assigned to a U.S. Navy relay station in Morocco that handled communications between Washington and the 6th Fleet, remembered listening as Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, in Washington, ordered Rear Adm. Lawrence Geis, commander of the America’s carrier battle group, to bring the jets home.  When Geis protested that the Liberty was under attack and needed help, Hart said, McNamara retorted that “President [Lyndon] Johnson is not going to go to war or embarrass an American ally over a few sailors.”

1967: "Surveyor 6" from the United States made the first liftoff from the moon, even though it only went 10 feet. 

China Turbulent Times

1968-1972, 1976-1978, 1981: Song Qingling was Acting President of the Peoples Republic of China

1968-1975: Dong Biwu was Acting President of the Peoples Republic of China (abolished)

1975-1976: Zhu De was Acting President of the Peoples Republic of China

1976-1981; 1981-1983: Ye Jianying was Acting President of the Peoples Republic of China

1968: (September 15) The USSR launched "Zond 5", which became the first craft to orbit the moon and return. 
1968: (December 21) "Apollo 8" was launched and made the first manned circumlunar flight, achieving 10 orbits around the moon before returning to Earth. 
1969: (July 16) "Apollo 11" was launched from the US. This mission carried the first men from Earth to walk on another celestial body, the moon. 
1969: Pope Paul VI; The use of old Latin language mass was rejected in Catholic Church.  This was a significant change in the Catholic Church's policy towards Jews as this mass contains anti-Jewish statements demanding hat Jews should abandon their anti-faith doctrine.  This reform was initiated by the Second Vatican council of 1962-1965.
1969-1974: (Republic of the USA) Richard M. Nixon, 37th president of the United States, and the only president to have resigned from office. He was elected president in 1968 in one of the closest presidential elections in the nation's history and in 1972 was reelected by a landslide victory. Nixon's second administration, however, was consumed by the Watergate scandal, which eventually forced Nixon to resign in dishonor to avoid impeachment. Nixon was the second youngest vice president after Theodore Roosevelt (under the Eisenhower administration) in U.S. history and the first native Californian to become either vice president or president.
1969-1974: (Fifth French Republic) France, Georges Pompidou, second president of the Fifth French Republic (1969-1974). After France capitulated to Germany in 1940, Pompidou served in the French Resistance forces. From 1944 until 1946 he was a member of the staff of Charles de Gaulle and then head of the provisional government of France. During de Gaulle's retirement, beginning in 1946, Pompidou served first on the council of state, the highest judicial body of France, and later as a director of Rothchild Freres bank. Upon de Gaulle's return to power in 1958, Pompidou was for one year chief of his cabinet. In 1962 de Gaulle, as president, named Pompidou premier; Pompidou held this office for six years, resigning in 1968. In the following year de Gaulle himself resigned and Pompidou was elected to succeed him. In general, he continued his predecessor's policies, but he personally helped in the negotiations leading to Great Britain's entry into the European Community (now called the European Union) in 1973.
1970: (August 17) "Venera 7" was launched from the USSR, and became the first craft to make a successful landing on Venus.
1970: (September 12) The USSR made the first return of surface material from another world by an automated, man-less, probe.
1971: (May 28) USSR Launched "Mars 3", which made the first successful landing on Mars.
1972: (March 2) The United States launched "Pioneer 10", which made the first flyby of Jupiter.
1972: (December 7) Apollo 17, the sixth and final manned moon lander, was launched by the Unites States.
1973: (November 3) The United States launched "Mariner 10" which, after an encounter with Venus, became the first man made craft to visit the planet Mercury. 
1974-1977: (Republic of the USA) Gerald Ford, 38th president of the United States, and the only president not elected to be either the president or vice president (he gained the office of vice president due to the resignation of vice president Spiro T. Agnew under corruption charges of receiving bribes). After becoming president he extended his executive privilege to pardon former president Richard Nixon from prosecution for any involvement that he may have had in the Watergate scandal or subsequent cover up of the scandal. President Ford attempted during his 2-1/2 year term to restore the nation's confidence in a government tarnished by the Watergate scandal and an economy suffering from inflation and unemployment.
1974-1981: (Fifth French Republic) France. Valery Giscard d'Estaing, president of France (1974-1981) continued the conservative policies established by his two predecessors of the Fifth French Republic. After Pompidou died in April, 1974, Giscard was narrowly elected president of France as an Independent Republican. He was inaugurated on May 27, 1974. Giscard was a proponent of closer economic and political ties among European nations and soon established personal contacts with other world leaders. He also made a strong effort to revitalize France's recession-bound economy; in 1976 he outlined a wide-ranging program of reforms. He could not, however, halt the economic deterioration and social unrest caused by a worldwide recession. His reputation was damaged by allegations in 1979 that he accepted diamonds as a gift from the dictator of the Central African Republic, Jean Bedel Bokassa, who was later overthrown with the aid of French forces because of atrocities that included the massacre of schoolchildren. Giscard was defeat
1975: (June 8) "Venera 9" was launched by the USSR. This automated craft became the first probe to successfully enter orbit around the planet Venus. 
1975: (August 2) "Viking I" was launched by the United States. This became the first probe from the United States to land on another planet, when it later landed on Mars and returned a wealth of data.
1977-1981: (Republic of the USA) Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States. Carter had served one term as governor of Georgia and was considered a political outsider to traditional party politics. From the beginning his presidency was marked by caution, conservatism, frustrations, and disappointments. Many reforms he promised were never carried out, some because they were abandoned by Carter, others because of congressional hostility. During the 1976 campaign, for example, Carter had vowed to reform the tax system which he called "a disgrace"; yet as president he gave only token support to tax reform. He had also promised to reduce the number of agencies in the federal bureaucracy, which he called "the worst, most confused, bloated, overlapping and wasteful" in history, he promised to slash the number of federal employees. Instead of eliminating departments, he added the departments of energy and education to the Cabinet, and the number of government employees continued to increase under his presidency. Carter's ma
1977-1982: Russia, Leonid Brezhnev is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union and he is also General Secretary of the Communist Party, he dies in 1982.
1978: Pope John Paul I, rules the Catholic church in Rome.  He mysteriously dies after a few days in office.
1978-2005: Pope John Paul II, the first Polish Pope rules the 1.1 billion member Catholic church in Rome.  He was instrumental in accelerating the destruction of the communism in Russia and Eastern Europe.  He opened the discussion between the various faiths in the World and was the first Pope to ever visit a Mosque and a Synagogue and worked to regain the trust of the youth towards the Church and its teachings.  He opposed the US attack to Iraq by the Bush Junior and his allies.  He died for natural causes at age of 84 in his apartment in Vatican City, on April 2nd. 

1979: Iran: A revolution ousted the Shah, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. The opposition had become radicalized against Israel's occupation of Palestinian lands in 1967and a Theocratic government took the power.  This rule continues with a Iranian style democracy, where the people on ballots and the winners of the elections must be approved by the highest religious leadership before they can take their offices. 

In the West the end result does not differ that much as e.g. in the USA only those with right connections can ever hope to get elected.  The same way like in Iran the Congress in the USA does not represent the people at large but powerful interest groups that have their own agendas to drive forward. The West backed revolution that brought Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to power guaranteeing the West access to inexpensive oil.

1979: The Vela Incident (sometimes referred to as the South Atlantic Flash) was an as-yet unidentified double flash of light detected by a United States Vela satellite on September 22, 1979. It has been speculated that the double flash was characteristic of a nuclear explosion; however, recently declassified information about the event says that it “was probably not from a nuclear explosion, although [it cannot be ruled] out that this signal was of nuclear origin.” The flash was detected on 22 September 1979, at 00:53 GMT. The satellite reported the characteristic double flash (a very fast and very bright flash, then a longer and less-bright one) of an atmospheric nuclear explosion of two to three kilotons, in the Indian Ocean between Bouvet Island (Norwegian dependency) and the Prince Edward Islands (South African dependencies). US Airforce planes flew into the area shortly after the flashes were detected but could find no signs of a detonation or radiation.

In 1999 a US senate whitepaper stated “There remains uncertainty about whether the South Atlantic flash in September 1979 recorded by optical sensors on the U.S. Vela satellite was a nuclear detonation and, if so, to whom it belonged.” There is some speculation that the test may have been a joint Israeli / South African initiative which has been confirmed (though not proven) by Commodore Dieter Gerhardt, a convicted Soviet spy and commander of South Africa’s Simon’s Town naval base at the time.

1980-1988: The first Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War was fought between Iran and Iraq.
1981-1989: (Republic of the USA) Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States, and the oldest person ever to serve as president. He implemented policies that decisively reversed the economic and social trends of two generations. He also brought in a new style of presidential leadership, downgrading the importance of the president as an administrator and increasing the importance of the media as a means of communication. Reagan first became famous as an actor in Hollywood motion pictures and as a television host. Reagan's emergence as a political figure was based on his charm and on his identification with a conservative following that lacked effective leadership, at a time when the nation seemed to have strayed from old-fashioned values. Reagan for many, was a personal and ideological symbol of these values. Having never held public office, Reagan became governor of California, the most populous state, in 1967, and almost immediately thereafter was a serious candidate for the presidency.
1981-1995: (Fifth Republic) France. Francois Mitterrand, leader of the Socialist Party and with Communist support, he ran against Valery Giscard d'Estaing in 1974. In 1981 Mitterrand again challenged Giscard, winning a decisive victory and becoming the first Socialist president of the Fifth Republic of France (1981-1995). Mitterrand appointed Communist to minor post in his government because he thought their inclusion would decrease their opposition to government policies. Domestically, he worked to nationalize banks and major industries, including chemicals, electronics, and steel. He also tried to decentralize the government by giving more powers to local and regional offices. He enacted social reforms to benefit the working class, increasing the minimum wage and adding an additional week of paid vacation. He also granted residency rights to many illegal immigrants. By 1982 France faced economic problems with rising inflation and unemployment. In response, Mitterrand reversed many of his policies.
1982: On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty.
1982: April 2- June 20,  Falkland war - (OIL found):  Argentine Navy lands on the Falklands and forces the British troops to surrender.  By June British re-occupy all of the South Sandwich Islands and formally declare an end to hostilities, and the two-hundred mile exclusion zone established around the islands during the war is replaced by a Falkland Islands Protection Zone (FIPZ) of 150 miles. 
1982-1983: Russia, Vassili Kuznetsov is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Yuri Andropov is General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1982 to 1984.
1983-1988: Li Xiannian was the third President of the Peoples Republic of China
1984-1985: Between the years of 1984 and 1985, several probes were launched to meet Halley's Comet and conduct experiments and observations. The European Space Agency (ESA) and Russia each launched a probe, and Japan launched two. The United States Congress would not approve funding, so they did not launch a Halley probe.
1984-1985: Russia, Konstantin Chernenko is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Communist Party.
1985: Rothschild banking returns to Frankfurt
1985: Russia, Vassili Kuznetsov is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev is General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1985 to 1991.
1985-1988: Russia, Andrei Gromyko is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev is General Secretary of the Communist Party.
1986: (January) "Voyager 2", from the United States, made the first encounter with the planet Uranus.
1986: (January 28, Tuesday) The Space Shuttle "Challenger" exploded, on the last day of Voyager 2's encounter with Uranus.
1988-1993: Yang Shangkun was the 4th President of the Peoples Republic of China
1988-1991: Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev is President of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Communist Party. There is a breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.
1989: Rothschilds advice British Government on British Gas privatisation

1989: The Berlin Wall. November 9, 1989 demolition of the Berlin Wall begins.


1989-1993: (Republic of the USA) George H Bush, 41st president of the United States, president at the end of the Cold War between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.). Bush also organized an unprecedented global coalition alliance against the country of Iraq because Iraq had invaded the neighboring country of Kuwait. The Persian Gulf War of 1991 was completely televised and was over very briefly as the coalition forces successfully removed Iraq's invading forces, however, they left Suddam Hussain in power which proved to be a mistake or a plot for the future as he continued to cause much trouble in the Persian Gulf region for years to come. President Bush was less successful in his domestic dealings, after promising not to raise taxes he found that he had to go back on his word to the American people. He was unsuccessful in his next bid for the presidency and lost the election to the Democratic candidate, Bill Clinton.

1990-1991: Gulf War, August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991.  Prior to Iraq's invasion in August 1990, Kuwait was one of the most prosperous nations per capita in the world, and its inordinate oil reserves.  Kuwait controlled ten percent of the world's oil reserves which generated billions and billions of export revenues. Kuwait's staggering wealth before the Iraqi invasion was due to the rise in global oil prices during the mid-1970s and the steadily increasing production of Kuwait's oil reserves mounting to 94,5 billion barrels.  

By the eve of the Iraqi invasion, Kuwait had set production quotas to almost 1.9 million barrels per day, which coincided with a sharp drop in the price of oil. By the summer of 1990, Kuwaiti overproduction had become a serious point of contention with Iraq, as it needed to service almost $70 billion in debt it had accrued as a result of financing the Iran-Iraq War. While Iraqi officials continued to warn Kuwait that it would not tolerate the artificial depression of oil prices due to Kuwaiti overproduction, Kuwait did not heed these admonitions. Some analysts have speculated that one of Saddam Hussein's main motivations in invading Iraq was to punish the ruling al-Sabah family in Kuwait for not stopping its policy of overproduction.

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 became a seminal event in modern Middle Eastern history, and became the first time that an Arab nation usurped the territorial integrity of a fellow Arab state. The Gulf crisis also became the watershed event for the post-Cold War era, as many believed that it would be close to impossible to craft a truly global coalition to combat Iraqi aggression in the Persian Gulf. During the coalition buildup of Desert Shield, much was made over the potential use of Iraq's putative weapons of mass destruction (WMD) arsenal and the concomitant effects of such weapons. In addition, some experts predicted that the coalition was in for a protracted battle, due to the numerical strength of the Iraqi armed forces and due to Saddam Hussein's penchant for accepting high casualties in combat, a prospect that most coalition members were not willing to even contemplate.

At the beginning of the crisis, little attention was devoted to the potential impact of a sustained, combined arms form of warfare on the regional environment. However, many environmentalists and concerned scientists soon began to discuss the potential ramifications of such activity, given the the scale of the oil holdings in the Kuwaiti theater of operations (KTO). By December 1990, experts began to postulate as to the exact magnitude a deliberate plan of eco-terrorism by Iraq, and analyses varied that this action would cause the release of anywhere from three million to almost ten million barrels of oil per day. Dr. Paul Crutzen, a top scientist at the Max Planck Institute in Germany, estimated that the sustained burning of ten million barrels of oil per day for one hundred days would effectuate environmental hazards on an order of magnitude greater than any prior man-made environmental disaster. He postulated that such a campaign would produce a blanket of soot and smoke that would cover half of the northern hemisphere.

The US lead coalition forces Invaded Iraq in January 1991 and the Iraqi tanks had no change against the high tech air force and tanks of the West and it was forced to withdraw from Kuwait.  During their retreat those who were not smart enough to capitulate instantly were eliminated.  Towards the end of this retreat some of the Iraqi forces started capitulating even to war correspondents with cameras as their only weapons. 

The first oil wells were discovered ablaze in January 1991, Carl Sagan stated "'We think the net effects will be very similar to the explosion of the Indonesian volcano Tambora in 1815, which resulted in the year 1816 being known as the year without a summer.'" Sagan was concerned that the resulting soot and plumes from the oil fires would wreak havoc on the monsoon patterns in southern and central Asia, thereby shutting off rains and leaving hundreds of millions of people in the region with nothing to harvest. Dire predictions such as these were generated on the basis data generated from the computer modeling data of the ecological results of a Soviet-American nuclear exchange, or the concept which became known as "nuclear winter".

By February 1991, reports indicated that up to 190 oil wells had been set ablaze by Iraqi occupation forces in Kuwait, and after the coalition forces ejected Iraqi troops from the KTO in mid March 1991, almost 800 oil wells had been given similar treatment. It was soon estimated that six million barrels of oil were burning per day circa March 1991 in Kuwait, and the initial assessment of the environmental impact was staggering. Concerns ranged from across a wide variety of environmental disasters. The amount of soot generated was one such cause of concern, as one gram of soot can block out two-thirds of the light falling over an area of eight to ten square meters. Accordingly, scientists calculated that the release of two million barrels of oil per day could generate a plume of smoke and soot which would cover an area of half of the United States. Weather patterns and climactic conditions could have carried such a plume great distances so as to severely hamper agricultural production in remote areas of the world.

1991: Fall of the Soviet Union. After the loss of 15 satellite states to independence, in December the Soviet Union collapsed. However, there have been statements lately due to recent developments in Russia about Russia returning to its former glory and power.
1991-1999: Russia, Boris Yeltsin emerges as President of Russia after the breakup of the Soviet Union.
1993-2003: Jiang Zemin was the 5th President of the Peoples Republic of China
1993: Maastricht treaty converts EEC to EU.
1993-2000: (Republic of the USA) Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States and the first president to be born after World War II (1946). Clinton, who was 46 years old when he took office, was the third youngest person to become president, after Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. After a difficult campaign, Clinton defeated incumbent President George Bush and independent candidate H. Ross Perot in the November 1992 election. In 1996 he was elected to a second term, defeating the Republican candidate Bob Dole. A moderate candidate and longtime governor of Arkansas, Clinton was the first Democrat in 12 years and the first Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to a second term. He promised to change not only the direction the country had taken under the two previous Republican presidents, but the policies of his own Democratic Party. Clinton's first presidential election victory came in part because American's were gravely concerned about the nation's economy, which had been depressed for much of Geoge H Bushes presidency.
1994: Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace.
1995-2007: (Fifth Republic) France. Jacques Rene Chirac, is president of France. Chirac replaced retiring Socialist president Francois Mitterrand. A conservative politician, Chirac planned to focus on domestic issues. He promised to create jobs for the country's unemployed, lower taxes, overhaul the education system, and create a volunteer army. In foreign policy issues, Chirac said he would continue Mitterrand's move toward European integration and a single European currency. During Jacques Chirac's presidency there is an attempt to bring an extremely heavy tax burden upon the association of Jehovah's Witnesses in France in an effort to severely hinder Jehovah's Christian Witnesses from performing their Christian worship and ministry, claiming that they are a "dangerous sect" even though Jehovah's Witnesses have been worshiping in France for over 100 years and have never caused any problems.
1996-1997: (NASA's mission to Mars), December 4, 1996 the Mars spaceship "Pathfinder" was Launched towards Mars to land an independent surface traveler "Sojourner" on planet's surface.  On July 4, 1997 this traveler sent its first radio signals back from the surface the during the next few days the first ever  panoramic color pictures from a surface of another planet back to earth.
1997-2005: (NASA-ESA) On October 15, 1997 space ship "Cassini" was launched on Titan-IVB/Centaur rocket to a planetary mission to land a probe "Huygens"  on a Saturn's moon Titan.   "Cassini" arrived to Saturn in July 2004 and was mapping the planet until at the end of its mission when it launched the "Huygens" probe to successful landing on Titan on 14 January 2005.   The 5.6-tonne Cassini-Huygens spacecraft made four gravity-assist swing-by manoeuvres. These manoeuvres were: Venus (April 1998), Venus (June 1999), Earth (August 1999), and Jupiter (December 2000). In December 2004, towards the end of Cassini's third orbit around Saturn, the Huygens probe was ejected on a 22-day cruise to land on Titan.  Cassini-Huygens was the largest interplanetary spacecraft ever built.
1998-2002: (USA) In 1998 USA WANTED A NEW NON-TALIBAN GOVERNMENT IN AFGHANISTAN TO ALLOW CONSTRUCTION OF OIL PIPELINE.  The Afghanistan oil pipeline project was finally able to proceed in May 2002. This could not have happened if America had not taken military action to replace the government in Afghanistan.
1999: Dec 31, President Boris Yeltsin resigned from office, (being pardoned for all crimes he may have committed while in office), naming his successor Vladimir Putin who aims to return Russia to its former glory.  Putin was an acting presdent until the presidential poll in March 26, 2000 and was then elected to president two months later.
1999: January 2, US strikes targets in Afghanistan to get Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden, who had allegedly masterminded the bombing of US embassies in East Africa.
1999: The ECB is the central bank for Europe and it's single currency, the Euro. The ECB’s main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area like in England. The only time period during which England prospered occurred between the years 1233 and 1558. The euro area comprises the 19 European Union countries that have introduced the euro since 1999.
Under Construction